Flashcards in People To Know Deck (11)
What political philosopher stated, "Governments are instituted through a social contract with limited powers and reciprocal obligations?"
What political philosopher believed that people exist in a state of nature without any ruler so long as they have enough food and protection?
What political philosopher believed that if the rulers betray the people, then the people have the right to revolt?
(social contract theory)
What political philosopher believed people live in a "war against all" so an absolute ruler is essential to prevent civil war?
Who wrote Leviathan?
Who is noted for giving the founding fathers the concepts of "separation of powers" and "checks and balances?"
Charles de Montesquieu
Who wanted to create "a government of laws, not of men?"
Who wrote "Democracy in America," a profound analysis of our political culture?
Alexis de Toqueville
On the 1950's, Who led highly publicized attacks on alleged communists working in the government?
Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin
The traditional view of free speech and free press was expressed by this English Jurist, in his "Commentaries," published in 1765