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Flashcards in The Constitution Vocab Deck (17)
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Unalienable

A human tight based on nature of god.

1

Article of confederation

A weak constitution that governed American during the revolutionary war.

2

Republic

A government in which elected officials make the decisions.

3

Judicial review

The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.

4

Enumerated powers

Powers given to the national government alone

5

Reserved powers

Powers given to the state government alone

6

Concurrent powers

Powers shared by the national and state governments

7

Checks and balances

Authority shared by three branches of government

8

Separation of powers

Constitutional authority is shared by the three different branches of government

9

Faction

A group with a distinct political interest

10

Coalition

An alliance of factions

11

Bill of rights

First ten amendments to the constitution

12

Habeus corpus

An order to produce an arrested person before a judge

13

Bill of attainder

A law that declares a person without trial to be guilty of a crime

14

Ex post facto law

A law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed

15

Amendment

A new provision I the constitution that has been ratified by the states

16

Line-item veto

An executive's ability to block a particular provision inability passed by the legislature