Classic Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

Rapid Review STEP 1 > Classic Relevant Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic Relevant Treatments Deck (90):
2

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

3

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine

4

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

5

ADHD

Methylphenidate, amphetamines

6

Alcohol abuse

AA+ disulfiram for patient and Al-Anon for family

7

Alcohol withdrawal

Benzodiazepines

8

Anorexia

SSRIs

9

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

10

Anxiety

Buspirone

11

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class 1B antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)

12

B12 deficiency

B12

13

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Tamsulosin, finasteride

(Alpha blocker and 5- alpha reductase inhibitor)

14

Bipolar disorder

Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine (mood stabilizers)

15

Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor
(anastrazole/exemestane)

16

Beurger's disease

Smoking cessation

17

Bulimia

SSRIs

18

Candida albicans

Amphotericin B (systemic), nystatin (oral thrush, esophagitis)

19

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

20

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

21

Chronic gout

Probenecid (underexcretor), allopurinol (overproducer)

22

Chronic hepatitis

IFN-alpha

23

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Imatinib (gleevec)

Inhibits tyrosine kinase of Philadelphia chromosome..

24

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

25

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole

26

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam

27

Crohn's disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab

28

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)

29

Cystic Fibrosis

N-acetylcysteine + antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)

30

Cytomegalovirus

Ganciclovir

31

Depression

SSRIs (First line)

32

Diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)

33

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Dietary intervention (low-sugar) + insulin replacement

34

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemic (metformin: a biguanide), and insulin (possible)

35

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluids, insulin, K+

36

Enterococci

Vancomycin/ampicillin + aminoglycoside

37

Erectile dysfunction

Sildenafil ( PDE5 inhibitor--- keeps cGMP around)

38

ER-positive breast cancer

Tamoxifen ( a SERM)

39

Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication

Femepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

40

Folate deficiency

Folate

41

Haemophilus influenzae (B)

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

42

Hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

43

Heparin toxicity (acute)

Protamine sulfate

44

HER2/neu-positive breast cancer

Trastuzumab

45

Hyperaldosteronism

Spironolactone

46

Hypercholesterolemia

Statin (first-line)

47

Hypertriglyceridemia

Fibrate

48

Immediate anticoagulation

Heparin

49

Infertility

Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile)

50

Influenza

Amantadine/rimantadine

51

Legionella pneumophila

Erythromycin

52

Long-term anticoagulation

Warfarin

53

Malaria

Chloroquine/mefloquine (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)

54

Malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene

55

Medical abortion

Mifepristone

56

MRSA

Vancomycin

57

Multiple sclerosis

Beta-interferon

58

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

RIPES (rifampin, INH, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, streptomycin)

59

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone ((aka Rocephin))

(add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent Chlamydia)

60

Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)

61

Neural tube defect prevention

folate/ folic acid

62

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vitamin D supplementation

63

Pheochromocytoma

alpha-antagonists
phenoxybenzamine

64

Patent ductus arteriosus

Indomethacin (inhibits prostaglandins)

65

Pneumocystis jiroveci

TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patient)

66

Prolactinoma

Bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)

67

Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids

Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)

68

Prostate carcinoma

Flutamide

69

Pulmonary hypertension

Bosentan
Endothelin receptor antagonist

70

Pseudonomas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillin (Carben Ticar Piper) + aminoglycoside

71

Rickettsia rickettsii

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol ( can cause aplastic anemia!!)

72

Ringworm infections

Terinafine, griseofulvin, imidazole

73

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

5-HT2A antagonists (e.g., olanzapine)

74

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

D2 receptor antagonists

75

SIADH

Demeclocycline, lithium

76

Sickle cell anemia

Hydroxyurea (increased HbF)

77

Sporothrix schenckii

Oral KI

78

Stable angina

Sublingual nitroglycerin

79

Staphylococcus aureus

Methicillin/nafcillin

80

Streptococcus bovis

Penicillin prophylaxis

81

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)

82

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

83

Temporal arteritis

High-dose steroids

84

Tonic-clonic seizures

Phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

85

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

86

Treponema pallidum

Penicillin G (benzathine penicillin G)

87

Trichomonas vaginalis

Metronidazole (patient and partner)

88

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA, infliximab

89

UTI prophylaxis

TMP-SMX

90

Warfarin toxicity

Fresh frozen plasma (acute), Vitamin K (chronic)

91

Wegener's granulomatosis

Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids