Classics Ch 18: Thebes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classics Ch 18: Thebes Deck (66):
0

Who is the author of Antigone?

Sophocles

1

Regarding the most important cities in Greek Myth, Thebes is the _____. (20th? 30th? Etc)

2nd - Mycenae = 1st

2

Common motif in Myths of Thebes

Destruction of family members

3

Who are the protagonists of the founding of Thebes ? Do they have anything to do with its naming?

Cadmus fighting dragon - cadmeia is the name of the acropolis
Amphioxus and Zethus - after Zethus' wife Thebe

4

Cadmeia

Aka the acropolis, named after Cadmus

5

Who sends Cadmus on his journey? What is his goal when he sets out? How does he go about it?

His father Agenor
To find his sister Europa (taken by red Zeusbull to Crete)
He goes to the Pythia for directions

6

How does Cadmus find the site to create Thebes? Where is that? Why does he do so there ?

He follows the cow with special mark and builds it where it rests
In Boetia
The Pythia tells him to do this instead of doing his father's command

7

Why is it called Boetia?

Boeotia = "cowland"
It's where the cow stopped to rest

8

Sparti

"Sown men" - Armed men grown from planted dragon teeth
The 5 who survived after fight who become heads of 5 great families

9

Cadmus and dragon

There's a dragon near Thebes at spring that kills his men
Cadmeia fights it and pins it to a tree
Athena tells him to knock out the tree and plant half
Armed men grow from them, fight each other
5 survive

10

Harmonia

Wife of Cadmus
Daughter of ares and Aphrodite

11

How does Cadmus attain his wife?

He has to serve ares for killing his dragon
Ares gifts his daughter Harmonia afterwards

12

What happens at Cadmus' wedding?

(Hephaestus?) gifts a necklace and robe, gives them happiness but their descendants misery

13

Descendants of Cadmus and their misfortune (due to)

Necklace and robe possession
-Semele killed by Zeus' uncovering
- ino - kills her children
-Agave - kills son pentheus
- Actaeon - killed by his dogs for seeing Artemis naked

14

Polydorus

Otherwise unknown son of Cadmus, married to Nycteïs

15

Nycteïs

Wife of polydorus
Sister of Antiopê

16

Antiopê

+ Zeus = Amphion and Zethus

17

Childhood of Amphion and Zethus
What happens because of this .?

Abandoned for being bastards, raised by a shepherd

Antiopê mistreated bc adulterous and so flees, find sons,

They avenge her

18

How do Amphion and Zethus get vengeance?

They kill g uncle and aunt.. Who?

19

Amphion and Zethus characteristics

Amphion - loved music, arts, less logical
Zethus driven, practical

Zethus builds Theban walls with bare hands while Amphion moves stones with lyre

Opposite but get along

20

Why are there two foundings of Thebes?

There was an influx of near east people in the area
They brought their cosmic dragon story

Tradition fused with the local folk taley Amphion and Zethus story

21

Wives of Amphion and Zethus

Amphion and Niobê - boasted having more children then Leto
Zethus and Thebê - name Thebes

22

Jocasta

G granddaughter of pentheus (Cadmus line)
Mother of Oedipus
Wife of Lauis

23

Laius

+ Jocasta = Oedipus
Grandson of polydorus and Nycteïs

Oracle tells him his son will kill him

24

Who unites the 2 origin stories of Thebes? how?

Oedipus
Mom Jocasta from Cadmus line
Father Laius grandson of polydorus and Nycteïs ( aunt of Amphion and Zethus )

25

King Pelops of

Elis
Tantalus' son eaten by Demeter

26

Who is king pelop's son?

Chrysippus

27

Why is Laius cursed? Who knows?

Raped Chrysippus,
King pelop's son, so he curses his fate : son will kill him and sex up his wife

Story told after origin. Classical Greeks don't have this element

28

Why is Oedipus so named?

To ensure his death, His father tied his ankles together so his ghost can't walk
"Swollen feet"

29

Who is Oedipus passed onto after his father? What do they do?

Shepherd- give to
Messenger for Thebes to Corinth -give to
King and queen of Corinth - bring up as their only child, heal his feet

30

How does Laius plan it kill son a.

Leave in wild with feet tied

31

Oedipus Corinth life

Hears rumors of being adopted that mom doesn't address
Goes to Delphi - told his dad-klling mom-fucking fate
Vows to never return to Corinth
When leaves, he kills all of travel party except 1

32

Sphinx

Woman head, lion body, winged
Terrorize specify
Kills self in shock and shame when Oedipus answers riddle

33

How does prince Oedipus become king?

He saves Thebes from sphinx while there is no king, marries queen Jocasta

34

Jocasta + Oedipus

Polynices, Eteocles
Antigonê, Ismenê

35

How does Oedipus get to the point where he's looking for Laius' killer?

There's a people-killing plague in Thebes
Oedipus goes to Delphi- miasma bc Laius killer is the cause, killer must be banished

37

Sophocles' story of Oedipus' life
What does the author think about him?

Oedipus the kng

Not guilty - does not deserve to be punished as parricide
His greatness = human agile , decisive
Weakness - think can overcome oracles

38

How does Oedipus the King begin?

Oedipus pronounces curse on Laius killer

39

How does Oedipus seek the killer?

think

asks Tiresias the seer
Oedipus thinks he's plotting with Jocasta's bro Creon to take kingship

40

``What does the messenger tell Oedipus? What does Oed do?

-Corinth king is dead
-Oed isn't Corinthian

so Oedipus calls for sheperd who gave him to messenger aka guy who he didnt kill

41

How does Jocasta die?

hang self (previous version had her live)

42

How does Oedipus torture self after realizing self as killer?

pokes eyes with Jocasta's hairpins
exile

43

title of Sophocles' play of Oedipus' death
where does he die?

Oedipus at Colonus
@ Grove of the Furies near Colonus, outside Athens

44

What does Oedipus do as he is dying?

curses sons for not caring for him - says will kill each other

45

What happens to the throne after Oedipus is gone?

his sons Eteocles and Polynices agree to alternate years of power;
Eteocles has first - forces Polynices to exile

46

What does Oedipus' son do after he is exiled?

Polynices flees to Argos where Adrastus, the King of Argos agrees to recapture Thebes for him

47

"Seven Against Thebes"

story of great warlords' attacking 7 great gates of thebes
Polynices trying to reclaim throne from Eteocles

48

What is the 1st and 2nd greatest war in gk myth?

Trojan
Seven Against Thebes

49

Tragicians' works about war of
Polynices vs. Eteocles

Aeschylus' 7 against Thebes
Euripides' Phoenician Women
Sophocles' 7 against Thebes

50

How does Polynices and Eteocles die?
Which side wins? Who survies?

Eteocles gives death blow, begins stealing P's armor
P stabs his guts with last breath

Thebes wins; adrastus escapes

51

Who gets the Throne after Polynices and Eteocles? What does he do?

Creon declares Eteocles a hero and makes burier of Polynices a traitor

52

Author of Antigone

Sophocles

53

Symbolistic vs' in Antigone

Creon v. Antigone:
human v. divine
city v. family
man v. woman
old. vs. young
progressive vs. traditional

54

How does Creon punish Antigone?

shuts her in tomb

55

Who tries to stop Creon?

Haemon (his son, engaged to Antigone
Tiresias - gods be angry

56

What happens after Antigone hangs self?

Haemon fails to kill Creon so kills self
Creon wife kills self since son died

57

nomos

customary law - Creon

58

physis

natural law - antigone

59

What is special about Oedipus' bones?

protects whatever city has them

60

Wjy dpes Adrastus help polynices?

married to his daughter

61

Ampiarius, Eriphale

?

62

How does Adrastus escape from Battle at Thebes?

chariot + magical horse Arion (Demeter + Poseidon)

63

Epigoni

Theseus + Argives who attack Thebes to reclaim their dead

64

What is Eriphyle bribed with?

1. ?
2. Harmonia's robe

65

Nostos

Homecoming

65

Why does Alcmeon kill? Why?

his mom Eriphyle
his dad Amphiaraus (seer) tells him to because she keeps siding with the king by bribery