Classics Ch 19: Jason Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classics Ch 19: Jason Deck (54):
1

When is Jason and Argonauts take place?

generation before Trojan
famous by Homer Era

2

What is the best account of Jason and Args?

Argonautica by Apollonius of Rhodes (Hellenistic)
for reading

3

Where do the Argonauts roam?

Greece then Iolcus (J's hometown) then Corinth

4

Who is Athamas?
Who are his kids from hsi first wife, __? second?

king of Orchomenus
Phrixus and Helle^ by Nephele
second = Ino

5

Why is Ino evil? What happens?

plots to kill Phrixus to her son can inherit throne:
creates famine; bribes messengers from Delphi to tell Athamas he has to kill Phrixus

6

How is Phrixus and Helle saved? Where do they go?

at sacrifice altar, a golden ram appears to save both kids
Helle falls off of golden ram and lands btwn erope and asia - makes Hellespont
Phrix dropped at Colchis, east of Blak Sea

7

What does Phrixus do after he gets off ram?

sacrifices it to zeus
gives golden fleece to king Aeetes to marry daughter

8

Salmoneus

Athamas' bro
had daughter Tyro

9

Tyro

+ Poseidon = Neleus and Pelias

10

Pelias significance

overthrows to become King of Thessaly
outcasts brother Neleus
imprisons Aeson, who hides son Jason,

11

Jason childhood

son of Aeson
raised by Chiron
returns to overthrow uncle PElias

12

Oracle tells Pelias that:
realization?

one sandal man will cause his downfall
Jason loses his sandal carrying old woman (Hera, who pelias doesnt honor) across stream

13

Why does Jason go on Golden Fleece Journey?

Pelias asks Jason (fated to kill him) what he would do to his demise?

jason says, tell him to get the golden fleece

offers throne in jason is successful

14

Waht does Argus mean? Who is he?

builder of argo
"swift"

15

14 Argonauts

? slide 21, places = 23

16

Iollcus is in the region,

thessaly

17

Women of Lemnos

insulted Aphrodite, who made genitals stink
husbands had sex with thracian women instead
revenged by killing every male, Thracian woman, and Thracian child (except Queen Hypsipyle's closeted father)

Seduce argonauts (minus Hylas), new generation appears 9 mo later

18

Queen Hypsipyle

saved father from Lemnos revenge by hiding him in closet

19

The Doliones

good xenia- treated argonauts well
bad xenia - sailed away, wind blew back ,killed their hosts because they thought they sailed somewhere else

20

Cyzicus

idk

21

What happens to Hylas? Herc?

Hylas is abducted by water nymphs for his beauty
Herc goes looking for Hylas and is left behind
stopped because herc broke his oar

22

King Phineas story?
how is he saved?


because told people everyting as seer, tormented by zeus - harpies would come snatch away food and leave stench whenever he tried eating

wife cleopatra agrees to give Jason info if phineas is freed by her brothers-trapped with feast and killed off

23

Cleopatra, husband, brothers

King PHineas = husband
brothers = Zetes and Calais, winged son s of Boreas (fly faster than harpies)

24

Where is Phineas from?

Salmydessus

25

What info does Jason get from Phineas?

how to get through Symplegades: send dove through symplegades and only go through if dove survives

it does with tail clipped - argo does with banner/tip clipped

26

Symplegades

"Clashing Rocks" - 2 rocks between swirly currents

27

Who has the Golden Fleece?

King Aeetes

28

Why does Medea love Jason?

Hera prompts Aphrodite to send Eros to make her

29

Why is Medea with King Aeetes' land?

she is his daughter

30

King Aeetes' task for the Golden Fleece?

use 2 fire-breathing bulls to plow field
plant teeth from Cadmas dragon (from athena) and fight men who sprout

31

How does Jason accomplish his Great Labor?

Medea offers to help if Jason marries her and takes her to greece with him
gives him ointment - fireproof
Jason throws a rock among them so they fight each other and kill sproutlings

32

How does Jason get away with the fleecE?

Medea gives guarding dragon a sleeping potion
they retard Aeetes by throwing her brother Aspyrtus as 1- into pieces or 2- fingers and toes into the water
Aeetes must pick up to bury him

33

Apollonius' poem about Jason/Argonauts

his portrayal of J vs.

Argonautica

emphasizes his emotional states and indecision/stupidity

vs. Medea- powerful, evil
vs. homer's heroism-crude and simple

34

How does Jason get Pelias' throne?

NOT by returning with the fleece

Medea tricks daughters into cooking him in a stew by showing cooking ram in a stew and popping a youngling out

doesnt get throne really - they are banished bc people are shocked

35

Where do they go after (Pelias land)?

idk where pelias land is, bt they go to corinth

36

What happens to Jason in Corinth?

he wants to marry Creon's (Corinth king's) daughter and ditch medea + 2 sons

37

Who is the author of Medea?

Euripides

38

Who is Medea's escape route? how did she get it?

King Aegeus of Athens - promises to make him fertile by magic

39

How does Medea kill Jason's fiance?

has kids send wedding presents - poisonous dress that melts her flesh - Creon dies while trying to save her

40

What happens to Medea's kids?

she kills them
loads them into Helius' (her grandfather's) 2 dragon chariot so Jason can't bury them

41

How does x miasma?

create cult for children

42

When was Medea on stage?

1st year of Peloponnesian war

43

How does Jason die?

hit in head by rotting part of Argo

44

What happens to Medea in athens?

run off by Aegeus for Theseus mischief

45

Medus

= Medea and Aegeus
eponymous ancester of Medes, house of persia

46

Calydon is in

Aetolia

47

King + queen of Calydon

Oneus, Althaea

48

Meleager =

Oneus + Althaea

49

Where does the CAlydonian hunt's boar come from ?

Artemis - Oenus offended her

50

Who first shot the Calydonian Boar? where?

Atalanta - nursed by bear, raised by hunters, sponsored by Artemis

in eye

51

Who wounds the Calydonian boar vitally?

Amphiaraus

52

Who kills the Calydonian boar?

MEleager

53

What happens to Meleager after the C boar hunt?

he gives the pelt to Atalanta
his uncles protest and take it from her
Meleager kills his uncles
his mother throws log into fire - he dies
she hangs self

54

Meleager's sister, brother in law

Deinaira, Herc