Flashcards in Classics Ch 19: Jason Deck (54):
When is Jason and Argonauts take place?
generation before Trojan
famous by Homer Era
What is the best account of Jason and Args?
Argonautica by Apollonius of Rhodes (Hellenistic)
Where do the Argonauts roam?
Greece then Iolcus (J's hometown) then Corinth
Who is Athamas?
Who are his kids from hsi first wife, __? second?
king of Orchomenus
Phrixus and Helle^ by Nephele
second = Ino
Why is Ino evil? What happens?
plots to kill Phrixus to her son can inherit throne:
creates famine; bribes messengers from Delphi to tell Athamas he has to kill Phrixus
How is Phrixus and Helle saved? Where do they go?
at sacrifice altar, a golden ram appears to save both kids
Helle falls off of golden ram and lands btwn erope and asia - makes Hellespont
Phrix dropped at Colchis, east of Blak Sea
What does Phrixus do after he gets off ram?
sacrifices it to zeus
gives golden fleece to king Aeetes to marry daughter
had daughter Tyro
+ Poseidon = Neleus and Pelias
overthrows to become King of Thessaly
outcasts brother Neleus
imprisons Aeson, who hides son Jason,
son of Aeson
raised by Chiron
returns to overthrow uncle PElias
Oracle tells Pelias that:
one sandal man will cause his downfall
Jason loses his sandal carrying old woman (Hera, who pelias doesnt honor) across stream
Why does Jason go on Golden Fleece Journey?
Pelias asks Jason (fated to kill him) what he would do to his demise?
jason says, tell him to get the golden fleece
offers throne in jason is successful
Waht does Argus mean? Who is he?
builder of argo
? slide 21, places = 23
Iollcus is in the region,
Women of Lemnos
insulted Aphrodite, who made genitals stink
husbands had sex with thracian women instead
revenged by killing every male, Thracian woman, and Thracian child (except Queen Hypsipyle's closeted father)
Seduce argonauts (minus Hylas), new generation appears 9 mo later
saved father from Lemnos revenge by hiding him in closet
good xenia- treated argonauts well
bad xenia - sailed away, wind blew back ,killed their hosts because they thought they sailed somewhere else
What happens to Hylas? Herc?
Hylas is abducted by water nymphs for his beauty
Herc goes looking for Hylas and is left behind
stopped because herc broke his oar
King Phineas story?
how is he saved?
because told people everyting as seer, tormented by zeus - harpies would come snatch away food and leave stench whenever he tried eating
wife cleopatra agrees to give Jason info if phineas is freed by her brothers-trapped with feast and killed off
Cleopatra, husband, brothers
King PHineas = husband
brothers = Zetes and Calais, winged son s of Boreas (fly faster than harpies)
Where is Phineas from?
What info does Jason get from Phineas?
how to get through Symplegades: send dove through symplegades and only go through if dove survives
it does with tail clipped - argo does with banner/tip clipped
"Clashing Rocks" - 2 rocks between swirly currents
Who has the Golden Fleece?
Why does Medea love Jason?
Hera prompts Aphrodite to send Eros to make her
Why is Medea with King Aeetes' land?
she is his daughter
King Aeetes' task for the Golden Fleece?
use 2 fire-breathing bulls to plow field
plant teeth from Cadmas dragon (from athena) and fight men who sprout
How does Jason accomplish his Great Labor?
Medea offers to help if Jason marries her and takes her to greece with him
gives him ointment - fireproof
Jason throws a rock among them so they fight each other and kill sproutlings
How does Jason get away with the fleecE?
Medea gives guarding dragon a sleeping potion
they retard Aeetes by throwing her brother Aspyrtus as 1- into pieces or 2- fingers and toes into the water
Aeetes must pick up to bury him
Apollonius' poem about Jason/Argonauts
his portrayal of J vs.
emphasizes his emotional states and indecision/stupidity
vs. Medea- powerful, evil
vs. homer's heroism-crude and simple
How does Jason get Pelias' throne?
NOT by returning with the fleece
Medea tricks daughters into cooking him in a stew by showing cooking ram in a stew and popping a youngling out
doesnt get throne really - they are banished bc people are shocked
Where do they go after (Pelias land)?
idk where pelias land is, bt they go to corinth
What happens to Jason in Corinth?
he wants to marry Creon's (Corinth king's) daughter and ditch medea + 2 sons
Who is the author of Medea?
Who is Medea's escape route? how did she get it?
King Aegeus of Athens - promises to make him fertile by magic
How does Medea kill Jason's fiance?
has kids send wedding presents - poisonous dress that melts her flesh - Creon dies while trying to save her
What happens to Medea's kids?
she kills them
loads them into Helius' (her grandfather's) 2 dragon chariot so Jason can't bury them
How does x miasma?
create cult for children
When was Medea on stage?
1st year of Peloponnesian war
How does Jason die?
hit in head by rotting part of Argo
What happens to Medea in athens?
run off by Aegeus for Theseus mischief
= Medea and Aegeus
eponymous ancester of Medes, house of persia
Calydon is in
King + queen of Calydon
Oneus + Althaea
Where does the CAlydonian hunt's boar come from ?
Artemis - Oenus offended her
Who first shot the Calydonian Boar? where?
Atalanta - nursed by bear, raised by hunters, sponsored by Artemis
Who wounds the Calydonian boar vitally?
Who kills the Calydonian boar?
What happens to Meleager after the C boar hunt?
he gives the pelt to Atalanta
his uncles protest and take it from her
Meleager kills his uncles
his mother throws log into fire - he dies
she hangs self