Maew Chapter 21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Maew Chapter 21 Deck (19):
1

Who got Achilles' armor?

Odysseus, though Ajax deserved it. Ajax killed himself out of shame of this and his ensuing madness.

2

Neoptolemus

"young fighter", the son of Achilles, who was brought to Troy after Achilles' death, due to a prophecy that he must fight for the Greeks to win

3

Philoctetes' role in the war

He is brought in only after Achilles dies due a prophecy, having been abandoned on the way to Troy because of a disgusting snake bite. He kills Paris with the bow of Heracles.

4

Trojan Horse

A plot devised by Odysseus to sneak the Greeks into the city, under the guise of an offering to the Gods. The Greeks hid inside and opened the gates for the rest of the soldiers, killing the Trojans in their sleep

5

Laocoon

A priest of Poseidon who warned that the Trojan Horse was a trap. He threw a spear into its side, and was then sucked into the sea by serpents (Actually for sex in Poseidon's Temple, but the Trojans thought it was a sign that the horse was sacred)

6

Death of Priam

Neoptolemus, son of Achilles, slaughters a son of Priam in front of him, at the altar to Zeus, and proceeds to kill Priam himself, while the city is being taken

7

Death of Astyanax

Odysseus orders Astyanax, son of Hector, to be thrown to his death from the city walls

8

Polyxena

Priam's youngest daughter, sacrificed by Neoptolemus over the grave of Achilles, supposedly to quench the dead warrior's thirst.

9

What happened to Cassandra?

She was raped by Ajax the lesser, during the fall of Troy, while clinging to a statue of Athena (This offended Athena, causing problems for the Greeks coming home).

Agamemnon then took her as a prize back to Mycenae.

10

Nostoi

"Homecomings", the name for the stories told of the return of the Greeks after the Trojan War

11

The Oresteia

"story of Orestes", a dramatic trilogy by Aeschylus, consisting of Agamemnon, Choephori, and Eumenides, telling the story of Agamemnon and his family after the Trojan war.

12

Agamemnon's Death

returning from the Trojan War, Agamemnon walks on a purple carpet in an arrogant manner (after hesitation). Clytemnestra (his wife) then catches him in a net during a bath, and stabs him to death, claiming it was for his murder of their daughter, Iphigenia.

13

Clytemnestra's lover while Agamemnon is away

Aegisthus, Agamemnon's cousin

14

Orestes

Son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra

15

Electra

Daughter of Clytemnestra, who plots with Orestes to kill their mother.

16

What does Orestes do about his Father's death?

He disguises himself as a messenger reporting his own death, and kills Aegisthus when he enters the room. He hesitates when facing his own mother, but kills her too in the end.

17

The Trial of Orestes

The Furies seek punishment for Orestes' murder of his mother, but he seeks protection from Apollo (who told him to kill her in the first place). The trial is presided over by Athena, and Apollo argues that the mother is simply the bearer of the child, not actually contributing to the child (as proof, he shows Athena, who has no mother).

The jury is evenly split, so Athena sides with Orestes, who is thus acquitted.

18

Eumenides

"the kindly ones", the role which the Furies now play in Athens, as beneficent spirits, according to the will of Athena (also namesake of the play by Aeschylus)

19

Interpretation of the Orestia

Aeschylus shows, through the advancement of the plot in the trilogy, how the order and law they practice in Athens (trial by jury, man-made laws open to revision, democracy, etc) allow the Athenians to rise above the primitive laws of their ancestors, represented by the Furies. The cycle of killing is ended by a trial by peers, and it is justified as instituted by Athena/Apollo