Clinical 1 - Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical 1 - Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Disease Deck (15)
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1

How long does a cough have to last to be chronic?

3 weeks or more

2

What is hemoptysis?

Coughing up blood or bloody sputum that originates below the larynx

3

What is pseudohemoptysis?

Coughing up blood previously aspirated into the airways from the GI tract, nose, or supraglottic areas

4

What is dyspnea?

Awareness of breathlessness

5

What is orthopnea?

Breathlessness in the supine position

6

WHat is paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea?

Breathlessness while sleeping causing you to wake up

7

What is cyanosis?

Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucus membranes
When deoxy-Hb is greater than 5g/dL

8

What causes cherry red flush?

Carboxyhemoglobinemia (CO poisoning)

9

What is clubbing?

Enlargement of the distal segment of a digit

10

What are common respiratory causes of clubbing?

CF, bronchiectasis, benign mesothelioma, pulmonary fibrosis

11

What is hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy?

Clubbing, painful periosteal hypertrophy of long bones, and arthralgia of large joints

12

What is the most common cause of hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy?

Lung cancers

13

What causes Horner syndrome?

Pancoast tumor of the lung

14

Describe Horner syndrome?

Small pupil (miosis)
Decreased sweating (anhydrosis)
Drooping of upper eyelid (ptosis)

15

What are the two signs of hypercarbia?

Redness and swelling of cunjuctiva
Mental obtundation