Clinical 2 - General Pulmonary Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical 2 - General Pulmonary Pathology Deck (33)
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1

Pleural effusion
Chest expansion?

Decreased

2

Pleural effusion
Fremitus?

Decreased

3

Pleural effusion
Resonance?

Decreased

4

Pleural effusion
Breath sounds?

Decreased

5

Pleural effusion
Egophony

Absent>>present

6

Pleural effusion
Bronchophony?

Absent>>present

7

What is consolidation?

Region of lung tissue that is filled with fluid

8

Consolidation
Chest expansion?

Decreased

9

Consolidation
Fremitus?

Increased

10

Consolidation
Resonance?

Decreased

11

Consolidation
Breath sounds?

Bronchial

12

Consolidation
Egophony?

Present

13

Consolidation
Bronchophony?

Present

14

Pneumothorax
Chest expansion?

Variable

15

Pneumothorax
Fremitus?

Decreased

16

Pneumothorax
Resonance?

Increased

17

Pneumothorax
Breath sounds?

Decreased

18

Pneumothorax
Egophony?

Absent

19

Pneumothorax
Bronchophony?

Absent

20

What is the main indication for pulmonary angiography?

Detect pulmonary emboli

21

What is the major indication for PFT?

Dyspnea

22

Normal breath

Tidal volume

23

Volume inspired over TV

Inspiratory reserve volume

24

Volume expired over TV

Expiratory reserve volume

25

Volume in lungs after maximal expiration

Residual volume

26

FEV1/FVC less than 80% is what disease?

Obstructive disease

27

TLC less than 80% is what disease?

Restrictive disease

28

How is a bronchoalveolar lavage performed?

Saline is injected into diseased lung and aspirated by bronchoscope

29

What can a bronchoalveolar lavage show?

Quantify and identify cell morphology at alveolar level

30

What is ARDS?

Diffuse acute lung injury with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, hypoxemia, and normal or low pulmonary capillary wedge pressure