Flashcards in Clinical 5 - Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases Deck (15)
What are the characteristics of emphysema?
Enlargement of air spaces
Destruction of alveolar walls
What chromosome is a1AT on?
What is the genetic inheritance of a1AT?
What is the phenotype of a1AT?
What is a1AT?
Inhibits proteolytic enzymes
How do you treat a1AT?
What are the treatment options for COPD?
Proper inhalation technique
What are the hallmarks of asthma?
Mucus gland hypertrophy
Widening of basement membrane
What GI condition may exacerbate asthma?
What is the diagnostic features of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis?
Develops in patients with asthma and/or CF
Peripheral blood eosinophilia
What is the treatment for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis?
What is obstructive sleep apnea?
Periodic cessation of air-flow (>10 sec) during sleep due to obstruction of upper airway
What are the three characteristics of patients with sleep apnea?
Known to snore
Complain of daytime sleepiness
What is the treatment for sleep apnea?
Continuous positive airway pressure
Bilevel positive airway pressure
Tracheostomy in severe cases