Clinical 4 - Pulmonary Diseases of Vascular Origin Flashcards Preview

Respiratory System Exam 1 > Clinical 4 - Pulmonary Diseases of Vascular Origin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical 4 - Pulmonary Diseases of Vascular Origin Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the most common originating spot for a pulmonary embolism?

DVT of lower extremities

2

What is commonly used to diagnose DVT?

Duplex ultrasonography

3

What are the clinical findings of PE?

Tachypnea, dyspnea, syncope, acute hypertension, wheezing, friction rubs

4

What is the gold standard for diagnosing PE?

Spiral CT

5

What 3 drugs can treat PE/DVT?

LMWH
UFH
Warfarin

6

What agents are used to treat massive cases of PE?

Thrombolytic agents

7

What are the diagnostic features of Wegeners granulomatosis?

Necrotizing granulmatous vasculitis
Glomerulonephritis

8

Name two important signs of Wegeners?

Nasal septal perforation
Ulceration of the vomer bone

9

What is the lab result diagnostic for Wegeners?

C-anca

10

How do you treat Wegeners?

Corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide

11

What are the diagnostic features of Churg-Strauss syndrome?

Increased levels of IgE and eosinophils
Refractory asthma

12

What are the clinical findings in Behcet disease?

Apthous orogenital ulcerations
Uveitis
Cutaneous nodules
Synovitis

13

What arteries are most common in Takayasu arteritis?

Aorta and major branches
Pulmonary artery is involved

14

What are the clinical presentations of mixed cryoglobulinemia?

Episodes of purpura
Arthralgia
Weakness
Multiorgan involvement

15

What are the complications of mixed cryoglobulinemia?

Glomerulonephritis and pulmonary insufficiency

16

What hypersensitivity reaction is involved in Goodpastures syndrome?

Type II

17

What are the immunological findings of Goodpastures?

Anti-GBM antibody
Diffuse alveolar damage

18

What are the classic features of Goodpastures?

Recurrent hemoptysis
Pulmonary insufficiency
Renal failure
Cresentric glomerulonephritis

19

What arterial pressure is needed to diagnose pulmonary arterial hypertension?

Arterial pressure greater than 25 mmHg

20

What are the symptoms of pulmonary arterial hypertension?

Increased RV systolic pressure
Right sided heart failure