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Flashcards in CNS infections Deck (15):
1

inflammation of pia and arachnoid

meningitis

2

inflammation of brain parenchyma

encephalitis

3

classic triad of meningitis

1. fever
2. HA
3. nuchal rigidity

4

resistance to passive extension at the knee; used to test for ____

kernig sign; test for meningitis

5

spontaneous flexion of the knees/hip when neck is passively flexed

brudzinski sign

6

most common causes of community acquired meningitis

S. pneumonie, N. meningitidis

7

what bacteria more commonly cause meningitis in immunocompromised?

1. Listeria
2. S. aureus

8

what tx reduces mortality/morbidity of bacterial meningitis

steroids

9

which category of meningitis is most common?

viral

10

most common agent of viral meningitis?

enterovirus

11

fever, HA, change in Level of consciousness, bizarre behavior, aphasia

herpes simplex encephalitis

12

virus that resides in temporal lobe

herpes simplex

13

lymphocytic meningitis, radiculoneuritis, facial palsy, rash

lyme neuroborreliosis

14

reactivation of endemic JC papova virus

progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

15

progressive dementia with focal deficits, myoclonus,can be fatal

creutzfeldt-jacob disease