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Flashcards in lesion localization Deck (18):
1

divisions of brain (3)

1. cortex
2. subcortex
3. brainstem - cerebellum

2

peripheral nervous system divisions (3)

1. nerve root/peripheral nerve
2. neuromuscular jxn
3. muscle

3

spasticity, hyperreflexia, hypertonicity,

UMN lesion

4

flaccidity, hyporeflexia, hypotonicity, fasciculations, atrophy

LMN lesion

5

babinski reflex

UMN

6

pure motor or pure sensory deficits or affecting entire side of body

subcortex lesion

7

discoordinated movement out of proportion with weakness

ataxia; cerebellum lesion

8

lesions of cerebellum manifest ipsilateral or contralateral

ipsilateral

9

CN lesions manifest from?

brainstem

10

crossed signs, prominent dysarthia

brainstem lesion

11

spinal sensory level

myelopathy (spinal cord)

12

prominent bladder and bowel invovlement

myelopathy

13

assymetric, dermatomal distribution, radicular pain

radiculopathy

14

myelopathy is ____lesion, radiculopathy is ___lesion

spinal cord; nerve root

15

distribution of sx along a specific nerve

peripheral neuropathy

16

diurnal variation in fluctuating motor weakness with easy fatigueability

neuromuscular jxn lesion

17

is neuropathy or myopathy more likely to have sensory signs

neuropathy

18

distal >proximal paresis in _____; and proximal >distal in ____

neuropathy; myopathy