Cognitive Perspective Flashcards Preview

CLEP Educational Psychology > Cognitive Perspective > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cognitive Perspective Deck (13):

Why is it important to be able to choose what we take in as mental representation?

Because this way we can organize our own actions, decisions and goals instead of focusing on whatever external stimuli is strongest or loudest at the given moment.


What is the most common mental illness that is characterized by not being able to selectively ignore external stimuli.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

This is because Children with ADHD cannot ignore external stimuli as well as others.


What is dichotic listening? What is the purpose of this method?

During dichotic listening, subjects are listening to two different messages in each ear. They are asked to repeat the message that they are hearing in one ear while ignoring the message that they are hearing in the other.

Dichotic listening is a method used to assess if a person has normal attention abilities.


What is the difference between sensation and perception?

Sensations tell us about the objects in the world; perception tells us what and where they are.


What is the combined effect of sensations and perceptions?

The ability to interpret the world around us and function in it.


More than 50% of the cerebral cortex is used for interpreting which of the 5 senses?


That is why vision is one of the most studied of the senses. Followed closely by hearing.


What states that any action that has a satisfying result (aka operant conditioning) will be repeated?

Thorndike's law of effect.


What are the three stages of memory?

1. Registering
2. Storing and retaining.
3. Retrieving (and using it to carry out actions).


What can stress reduction do for your memory?

Give you a better ability to learn and recall.


What three types of memory are part of your long-term memory

1. Semantic memory.
(knowledge about the external world; for example; what the purpose of a dog leash is)
2. Episodic memory.
(memory for specific events in time.
3. Procedural memory.
(how to use things and move your body)


What are the 3 most important things to move information from short-term memory into long-term memory?

1. Organization.
2. Meaningfulness.
3. Imagery.


What is Encoding?

The way information is transferred into memory.


What does IDEA stand for?

What does it require?

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

IDEA requires states to put each disabled child in the "least restrictive placement," or a class that is as normal as possible.