Mental Imagery Flashcards Preview

CLEP Educational Psychology > Mental Imagery > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Imagery Deck (10):

What phenomena can mental imagery help us to understand?

Hallucinations, dreaming and daydreaming.


Mental imagery and it's associated representations such as dreaming can have an important role in what?



What is an aspect of problem-solving that demonstrates learning has taken place?



Because learning to problem solve is so similar to problem-solving when we learn to problem-solve we are also learning what?

To Learn. When practicing problem-solving you are also learning how to learn.


What does problem-based learning help students with?

Critical thinking and analytical skills.


What is it called when a thought process is transferred from a classroom setting into a practical setting?

Transfer of Learning.


The first type of learning transfer is called "Within-Trial Transfer" uses what technique to aid in problem-solving?


Chunking breaks down large amounts of information into more manageable parts.


The second type of learning transfer is called
"Across-Trial Transfer"

When does this occur?

After chunks are created.

Across-Trial Transfer is a direct result of chunking.
This is when you apply those chunks more quickly and efficiently and to more different situations.
This is a more general use of the chunks that you created in the "Within-Trial-Transfer" phase.


The third and last type of learning transfer is called "Across-Task Transfer".

What takes place during this type of learning transfer?

The application of what you learned in one situation to another.

This means applying the chunks learned in one problem to a different problem. One example of this would be the use of analogies.


How many types of learning transfer are there?

What are they each called?


1. Within-Trial Transfer.
2. Across-Trial Transfer.
3. Across-Task Transfer