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Flashcards in Cold War Deck (83):
1

When was the Cold war?

From 1945- 1991

2

What is the Cold War?

Economic, Political and Military competition b/w the US and USSR.

3

What was the Containment Policy?

(Truman) Us policy after WWII to STOP THE SPREAD OF COMMUNISM.

4

What was NATO? and who was it btw?

North Atlantic Treaty Org. btw US and Western Europe.

5

What was formed btw USSR and Eastern Europe in response to NATO?

Warsaw Pact

6

What is the Warsaw Pact?

Military and Economic alliance btw USSR and Eastern Europe.

7

Why does the US not trust USSR? (5)

- Want to spread Communism Worldwide
- They left WWI early
- They signed a treaty with Hitler
- They are determined to CONTROL Eastern Europe
- USSR does not want free Elections

8

Why does the USSR not trust the US? (4)

- US didn't recognize USSR for 16 years
- They were left out of the Treaty of Versailles
- Took the US too long to open a second front
- Kept the atomic bomb a secret

9

When was the Hydrogen Bomb developed in the US?

1952

10

When was the Hydrogen Bomb developed in the USSR?

1953

11

What is Brinkminkmanship?

The US willingness to go to the edge of the war and to use all of its force to contain Communism.

12

What did the US do in the Arms Race?

Trimmed Army and Navy and expanded Air Force and expanded Nuclear Weapons.

13

What were Bomb shelters?

Shelters built in case of a Nuclear attack from the USSR

14

What was Sputnik and when was it built?

In 1957 USSR launched the first artificial satellite

15

What begins the Space Race?

The launching of Sputnik in 1957

16

What is the NDEA?

US funding for education in science and Math

17

When was NASA created?

1958

18

What is the Policy of Deterrence?

Having many nuclear weapons will keep the enemy from using theirs.

19

What was the U-2 incident? When?

May 1960, U-2 spy plane shot down by USSR.

20

Who was the first USSR man in space and when was it?

Yuri Gargrin, 1961.

21

Who was the first Man in Space?

1969- Niel Armstrong

22

What is the Iron Curtain?

Symbol division of Europe (Western Europe free, Eastern Europe Communism)

23

Who had the occupation of Berlin?

Britain, US, USSR, and France

24

When and what is the Truman Doctrine?

1947- Truman believed that communists will takeover weaken Europe. The civil war in Grease and Turkey brakes out and USSR wants control of it. The US gives aid to France and Turkey to fight off communism.

25

When and what was the Marshall Plan?

1947- Secretary of state John Marshall had two goals
1) Stop the Spread of Communism
2) Create a favorable environment for the democratic, free market.

26

How much Money did the US give to rebuilt Europe and convey the Marshall Plan?

2 billion dollars

27

What were the programs to stop the spread of communism?

Truman Doctrine, NATO, Marshall Plan

28

When was the Berlin crisis?

1948-1949

29

What does the USSR do to Berlin in 1948?

Orders a blockade in East Berlin to force allies out.

30

What do the Powers in response to the Berlin Blockade in 1948?

They respond with the Belin Airlift, they bring food, medicine and fuel and even toys to West Europe.

31

When was the Berlin wall built? and why was it built

1961, communists were leaving East Berlin.

32

When does the Berlin wall go down?

Nov. 1989

33

Who was the Nationalist leader in China? The US supports him?

Chasing Kai- Shek

34

Who was the communist of China? He has Soviet support.

Mao Zedong

35

Who takes over China in 1949?

Communist Mao Zedong

36

When does the civil war in China ends?

1949

37

What is the importance in the civil war in China? (2)

-China becomes communist
-Leads McCarthyism in the US

38

What was the HUAC? (4)

(House UnAmerican Activities Comité)
- investigate un-loyal activities
- Target Hollywood movies die secreta messages and luring ppl into “communists”
- to root out “subversion”

39

Who were the Hollywood Ten?

-Hollywood starts that refused to answer questions of communism.
-they went to jail and would lose their jobs.

40

What was the Smith Act? And when was it? (2)

1940
- crime to encourage the overthrow of government.
- Truman arrests anyone current or before who were communists.

41

What was the McCarran Act?and when was it? (2)

1950
- communist organizations to register with the government
- deported immigrants who thought they were communists.

42

Who were Julius and Ethel Rosevelt? (2)

-they were ppl who were accused of giving information about the atomic bomb to soviets

- they were found guilty and doesn’t in 1953

43

When was the Korean War?

1950-1953

44

What was North Korea?

Communist

45

What was South Korea?

Non-communist

46

Who commands UN forces in Korea?

McAuthor

47

Who helps South Korea?

UN Forces

48

When was the cease fire in Korea?

1953

49

Why does McAuthor get fired? By whom?

- he gets fired by Truman because he wanted to invade China instead of a cease fire.

50

What is the result of Korea?

It maintains divided till this day!

51

Who was Senator Joseph McCarty?

- Senator who turns in a plataforma of anti-communism
- he used this strategy to gain popularity in his campaign

52

What was McCarty’s goal?(2)

His goal was to get rid of Communism of people in the state department

- he accuses ppl with out evidence

53

How does McCartyism lose popularity?

He goes after the army and ppl start accusing him of being crazy.

54

When does Fidel Castro take control of Cuba?

1959

55

What does the US do when Castro take control of Cuba? What does Cuba do?

- US cuts all ties with Cuba and put and embargo
- Cuba take in the soviets and trades with them

56

When was the Bay of Pigs Invasion?

1961

57

What was the Bay of Pigs Invasion?(3)

- The US attempts to overthrow Castro
- CIA sponsored invasion
- The US trained and financed Cuban Rebels

58

Results of the Bay of Pigs?(2)

-Invasion fails and rebels killed.
-Cuba feels threatened by the US and Turns to the USSR

59

When was the Cuban Missle Crisis?

1962

60

What was the Cuban Missle Crisis? (2)

-The US learns that Soviets are constructing offensive missile sites in Cuba.
- Kennedy used top-secret meeting of Key advisors to come up with a solution?

61

What was Kennedy's response to the Cuban Missle Crisis?

He orders a blockade of Cuba to stop any more supplies from getting there.

62

What were the results of the Cuban Missle Crisis?

-Kruschef backs down and removes missiles
- US agrees not to invade Cuba and remove missiles from Turkey.
- Kruschef removed from power in 1964 b/c Russians gets salty.

63

Who was the USSR president during the Cuban Missle Crisis?

Kruschef and then removed in 1964

64

What was a Detente?

An easing of tensions in the war.

65

What year does Nixon visit China?

1972

66

Why does Nixon visit China in 1972? (2)

-He wanted specific neutral and trade agreements
- He wanted to take advantage of conflicts between China and USSR.

67

Who was president of USSR, when Nixon visits?

Brezhnev

68

What is Salt I

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
- Each side would reduce their anti-missile defense system but it didn't go into place until Salt II.

69

What was Salt II?

Real reductions in several classes of Nuclear Weapons?

70

Why was Salt II never ratified by the Senate, if Carter and Brezhnev signed it?

What does the Senate do after?

- They never ratified it because six months later the Soviets invade Afghanistan to prop up a weak lefist regime.

They place an embargo with the USSR in grain ad tech.

71

What does the US do in response to the Afghanistan Invasion by USSR?

US gave the other side of Afghanistan weapons

72

What did Ronald Regan wanted?

Bring an end to the Cold War.

73

What is the Regan Doctrine?

Destroy communism wherever it exists, not just contain it.

74

What was Star Wars? When was it?

1983- It was spaced based Missle defense system.

75

What were the results of Star Wars?

-It forced the Soviets to agree to the Arms Limitation Treaty.

76

When was the INF treaty?What was it?

1987, Gorbachev and Regan signed the treaty banning all intermediate-range nuclear missiles in Europe.

77

Who was president of USSR in 1985?

Gorbachev

78

What did Gorbachev begin in 1985?

Democratic diplomacy in USSR

79

What happened in Berlin in 1987?

Regan said "Gorbachev tear down this wall"

80

What did the Soviets agree to In 1989?

They agreed to let go of Berlin and Unite the east and the West. The Berlin wall came down.

81

What happened in the USSR in March of 1989?

Fists Multi-Candidate election

82

What happened in 1991 in the USSR

Several counties declare independence!

83

What happens to the USSR in December of 1991?

USSR becomes the Soviet Union.