Colonies Flashcards Preview

USH > Colonies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Colonies Deck (40):
1

What is the starving time?

(1609-1610) A period of hunger where the colonist ate dead people, animals and anything they could find to survive the harsh winter.

2

Who was John Smith? And what did he improve?

John Smith was the captain and he helped improved relations with the Indians

3

Why do the Puritans and Pilgrims leave England?

They leave England for religious persecutions.

4

Tabacco help create what?

Major social and economic divisions b/w who owned land and who did not.

5

Middle Colonies

New York
New Jersey
Delaware
Maryland
Pennsylvania

6

What was Beacon's Rebellions?

Nathaniel Beacon raised an army to fight the Indians, and marched to VA, to confront the assembly. He dies at the end.

7

In 1607, what was permanent English settlement? Who founded it?

Jamestown, founded by the Virginia Company.

8

13 Colonies

Georgia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
New York
New Jersey
South Carolina
North Carolina
Delaware
Connecticut
Massachusetts
Rhode Island

9

Where in the Colonies did Slavery exist the most?

In the Southen Colonies

10

Results of Beacon's Rebellion?

Planters began to look for a new labor force, therefore they increased African Slavery

11

Southern Economy

Agricultural cash crops

12

Who brought Tabacco to the New World?

John Rolf

13

What were Indenture Servants?

People who worked for a set number of years to repay the person who brought them to the Colonies.

14

What was the result after the Colonist took the Indians land?

Natives fled the region and looked for new places to live.

15

Southern Colonies

Georgia
South and North Carolina
Virginia

16

What was the difference b/w Puritans and Pilgrims?

Pilgrims wanted to separate from the Anglican church, and Puritans wanted to purify the church.

17

Who were the Neighboring Indians?

Powhatan Indians

18

In 1619, The House of Burgesses was founded, what was it?

A legislative assembly where representatives met to make laws for Virginia.

19

What is the May Flower compact?

1st agreement of self government to be created and enforced in America.

20

What was King Philips War?

Metacom form the United tribes attacks colonial settlements!

21

What was the results for King Philips War?

- Metacom beheaded
- no other serious treaty’s to New England
- Southern land became English settlements

22

How was the government in Massachusetts in the late 1600’s?
What was one exception?

Almost a self gov but under English rule

23

What were the Salem Witch Trials? When?

1692- a series of trials, held by church leaders, were 150 Colonies are acusará of witchcraft.

24

What was the importance of the Salem Witch Trials?

First example of mass hysteria in the history of the US.

25

What were the Navigation acts of 1660?

British law controles colonial trade in Mass. after the violation of the Navigation acts.

26

What was the Middle passage?

The trip that the slaves took from Africa to the US.

27

What was the Great Awakening?

Religious Revival Movement

28

What were the results of the Great Awakening?

-First time Colonies United
-Education became very important
-Revolutionalism

29

What were the battles that started the French and Indian war?

Battles at Fort Necessity

30

Who were fighting and the F&I war?

When was it?

1754- 1763

French and Indians. Vs. Britain and English Colonies

31

Why did the F&I war happen?

Conflict over land for fue trapping in the Ohio Valley.

32

When and what was the battle of Quebec?

1759
- Force the French to surrender!

33

What Treaty ended that F&I war?

Treaty of Paris in 1763

34

What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris?

England got all French territory east of the Mississippi River.

- France lost all territory in US except little island

35

What is the Proclamation of 1763?

Colonists not allowed to cross the AP maintains.

36

What was the colonists reaction to the Proclamation of 1763?

No cop no stop, they still continued to cross over the AP mountains.

37

What was the Stamp Act of 1765?

England puts a tax on all paper goods.

38

What were the colonists reaction to the Stamp Act of 1765?
What were the Sons of Liberty?

The stamp act congress and the sons of Liberty- resistants to the tax.

39

What were the Townshed acts of 1767?

New taxes on paper, glass, tea and led

40

What were the Colonists reaction to the Townshed acts of 1767?

Who were the Daughters of Liberty?

Boycotted everything made in England!

D of L- made clothes so ppl won’t spend on British clothes.