Flashcards in Colonies Deck (40):
What is the starving time?
(1609-1610) A period of hunger where the colonist ate dead people, animals and anything they could find to survive the harsh winter.
Who was John Smith? And what did he improve?
John Smith was the captain and he helped improved relations with the Indians
Why do the Puritans and Pilgrims leave England?
They leave England for religious persecutions.
Tabacco help create what?
Major social and economic divisions b/w who owned land and who did not.
What was Beacon's Rebellions?
Nathaniel Beacon raised an army to fight the Indians, and marched to VA, to confront the assembly. He dies at the end.
In 1607, what was permanent English settlement? Who founded it?
Jamestown, founded by the Virginia Company.
Where in the Colonies did Slavery exist the most?
In the Southen Colonies
Results of Beacon's Rebellion?
Planters began to look for a new labor force, therefore they increased African Slavery
Agricultural cash crops
Who brought Tabacco to the New World?
What were Indenture Servants?
People who worked for a set number of years to repay the person who brought them to the Colonies.
What was the result after the Colonist took the Indians land?
Natives fled the region and looked for new places to live.
South and North Carolina
What was the difference b/w Puritans and Pilgrims?
Pilgrims wanted to separate from the Anglican church, and Puritans wanted to purify the church.
Who were the Neighboring Indians?
In 1619, The House of Burgesses was founded, what was it?
A legislative assembly where representatives met to make laws for Virginia.
What is the May Flower compact?
1st agreement of self government to be created and enforced in America.
What was King Philips War?
Metacom form the United tribes attacks colonial settlements!
What was the results for King Philips War?
- Metacom beheaded
- no other serious treaty’s to New England
- Southern land became English settlements
How was the government in Massachusetts in the late 1600’s?
What was one exception?
Almost a self gov but under English rule
What were the Salem Witch Trials? When?
1692- a series of trials, held by church leaders, were 150 Colonies are acusará of witchcraft.
What was the importance of the Salem Witch Trials?
First example of mass hysteria in the history of the US.
What were the Navigation acts of 1660?
British law controles colonial trade in Mass. after the violation of the Navigation acts.
What was the Middle passage?
The trip that the slaves took from Africa to the US.
What was the Great Awakening?
Religious Revival Movement
What were the results of the Great Awakening?
-First time Colonies United
-Education became very important
What were the battles that started the French and Indian war?
Battles at Fort Necessity
Who were fighting and the F&I war?
When was it?
French and Indians. Vs. Britain and English Colonies
Why did the F&I war happen?
Conflict over land for fue trapping in the Ohio Valley.
When and what was the battle of Quebec?
- Force the French to surrender!
What Treaty ended that F&I war?
Treaty of Paris in 1763
What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris?
England got all French territory east of the Mississippi River.
- France lost all territory in US except little island
What is the Proclamation of 1763?
Colonists not allowed to cross the AP maintains.
What was the colonists reaction to the Proclamation of 1763?
No cop no stop, they still continued to cross over the AP mountains.
What was the Stamp Act of 1765?
England puts a tax on all paper goods.
What were the colonists reaction to the Stamp Act of 1765?
What were the Sons of Liberty?
The stamp act congress and the sons of Liberty- resistants to the tax.
What were the Townshed acts of 1767?
New taxes on paper, glass, tea and led