Flashcards in Vietman Deck (38):
When did east Asia gain Independence from France?
What were 3 countries created by the independence form east Asia?
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam
Who is the Leader of communist North Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
When does the Civil War begin in Vietnam?
Who was the leader of non-communist South Vietnam?
What country takes control of South Vietnam?
What are the Vietcong?
South Vietnamese communists who help the North.
What is the Domino Theory?
If one county turns communist so will the rest surrounding it.
What does the US do to contain communism in Vietnam?
Sends military aid and financially
What was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution? (2)
-American ship attacked in Tonkin
-congress gives the president full power to use the military power to respond to the situation in SE Asia.
When was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?
What was Americanization?
Commits Us troops to combat in Vietnam
Who was General Westmoreland?
Commander of the US forces in Vietnam
How long did rolling thunder was supposed to last? How long did it last?
8 weeks, 3 1/2 years
What was the My Lai Massacre?
US army killed several citizens in Vietnam including babies.
When was the TET offensive?
What was the TET offensive?
North Vietnam and Vietcongs attack targets all over South Vietnam including capital Saigon?
What was the result of the TET offensive?(2)
- A military victory for the US, but political and public opposition disasters
- Americans question why we are in a war
What were the two difficulties in fighting in Southeast Asia?
-Fighting geography, jungles hard
- Fighting Vietcong, they would act like normal citizens and then attack.
What years did Nixon serve?
What is Vietnamization?
Bring the US troops home and let South Vietnam fight for them selves.
When was the booming in Cambodia? And who was president?
Nixon and in 1969
What was the booming of Cambodia?
Nixon orders nominated in Cambodia with out notifying congress.
When was peace with honor?
What was peace with honor? (4)
- US pulls out of Vietnam
- POW’s returned
- North Promises not to invade SV
- US commits to protect SV
When was the fall of Saigon?
April 30, 1975
What was the Fall of Saigon?
Capital falls and Vietnam becomes communist!
Who were the Doves?
They supported peace
Who were the Hawks?
They supported the Vietnam war
When was the Kent State accident?
What was the Kent state accident?
4 students killed, by national guard, while protesting in Kent state University.
What was SDS?
Students for Democratic Society
-studies organized their own groups and start to become testosterone to the war.
What were the DRAFT DOGGERS?
- People who burned their draft card in order to avoid being drafted.
- some flees to Canada, but they were pardon soon after.
What caused the distrust in government?
Secret Dominions, the booming in Cambodia. Ppl didn’t see the Government as the truthful they saw before.
What is the wars Power act and what year was it applied?
In 1973- Limits presidents Power and has to notify congress with 48h of troops he has commissioned
What Psychological effects did the war have? (3)
- first real American defeat
- Treatment to veterans
- POW’s and MIA’s
What were the US views in the world after the war? (2)
- US rethinks the Domino Theory
- US hesitant to become the big brother.