Corpsman Manual Ch 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Corpsman Manual Ch 18 Deck (76)
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What is the science dealing with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of medications?

Pharmacology

1

What is the branch of pharmacology dealing with biological, biochemical, and economic features of natural medications and their constituents?

Pharmacognosy

2

What is the branch of pharmacology dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper use of medications?

Pharmacy

3

What is the study of the dosages of medicine and medications?

Posology

4

What is the study of the action or effects of medications on living organisms?

Pharmacodynamics

5

What is the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease?

Pharmacotherapeutics

6

What is the study of poisons, their actions, their detection, and the treatment of the conditions produced by them?

Toxicology

7

What is the science of treating disease by any method that will relieve pain, treat or cure diseases and infections, or prolong life?

Therapeutics

8

What provides tests for medication identity, quality, strength, and purity?

USP-NF

9

The US Federal Food, Medication, and Cosmetics Act designates the what as the official reference for medications marketed in the United States?

USP- NF

10

What is the most widely used to text/ reference in American pharmacies?

Remington: the Science and practice of pharmacy

11

The amount of medication to be administered is referred to as the what?

Dose

12

A therapeutic dose is calculated on an average adult male of 24 years who weighs approximately how many pounds?

150

13

What is the most common factor that influences the amount of medication to be given?

Age

14

What is the most common method of administering medications?

Oral

15

What medications are administered by placing the medication under the tongue?

Sublingual

16

What medications are administered by placing the medication between the cheek and gum?

Buccal

17

What medications are introduced by injection?

Parenteral

18

What is the medication injected just below the skin's cutaneous layers?

Subcutaneous

19

What is the medication injected within the dermis layer of the skin?

Intradermal

20

What is the medication introduced directly into the vein?

Intravenous

21

What is the process by which a medication is converted into a fine spray by the use of compressed gas?

Nebulization

22

To prevent medication errors, there are how many important steps to follow when administering medication to a patient?

6

23

What is any chemical substance that has an effect on living tissue but is not used as a food?

Medication

24

Medications are classified according to set criteria and fall into three specific areas: general, chemical, and what else?

Therapeutic

25

What are medications that cause shrinkage of the skin and mucous membranes?

Astringents

26

What are bland or fatty substances that may be applied to the skin to make it more pliable and soft?

Emollients

27

What are agents that inhibit or suppress the act of coughing?

Antitussives

28

What reduce congestion and the swelling of mucous membranes?

Nasal decongestants

29

What substance released by most cells distributed in connective tissues usually near blood vessels, promotes some of the reactions associated with inflammation and allergies, such as asthma and hay fever?

Histamine