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Flashcards in Corpsman Manual Ch 23 Deck (54)
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0

The first large scale use of chemical agents came during what conflict?

World war 1

1

Lethal agents are those that result in what percent or greater death rate among casualties?

10

2

What is the most widely used method of detecting liquid chemical warfare agents?

M9 paper

3

What chemical agent detector kit is a portable kit that detects nerve gas, mustard gas, and cyanide?

M256A1

4

Dependent upon threat, forces may adopt a Mission-Orientated Protective Posture (MOPP) and there are how many levels?

5

5

A chemical agent on the skin can be removed effectively by using what skin decontamination kit?

M291

6

What agents are of greatest concern as compared to all chemical agents?

Nerve

7

Decontamination of chemical agents on the skin within 1 minute after contamination is perhaps how many times more effective than if decontamination is delayed 5 minutes?

10

8

What removes the nerve agent from the enzyme acetycholinesterase within synaptic cleft (the space between the nerve cells) of the nervous System?

2- PAM CL

9

What is a single auto injector that has two chambers that deliver 2.1 mg of atropine and 600 mg of 2-PAM CL in a single injection?

ATNAA

10

What exert their primary action on the skin, producing large and painful blisters that are incapacitating

Vesicants

11

What are the most vulnerable part of the body to mustard gas?

Eyes

12

What agents basic physical actions disrupt oxygen utilization at the cellular level causing cellular suffocation?

Blood

13

Cyanides usually dissipate in less than how many hours?

24

14

What agents damage the membranes in the lungs that separate the alveolar tissue resulting in fluid from the blood, known as plasma, to leak into the alveoli and fill them with fluid?

Pulmonary

15

What is a colorless gas with a distinctive odor similar to that of new mown hay or freshly cut grass?

Phosgene

16

What are essentially local irritants that act primarily on the eyes?

Lacrimators

17

The initial management of a casualty contaminated by chemical agents will require removal of MOPP and decontamination with what percent hypochlorite before treatment?

0.5%

18

There are how many different types of biological agents used as weapons?

3

19

What are single called organisms capable of causing a variety of diseases in animals, plants and humans?

Bacteria

20

What are intracellular parasites that lack a system for their own metabolism, meaning, they require living cells in order to multiply

Viruses

21

With recent advances in diagnostic testing, biological agents can be detected in the field. A first line presumptive test is the hand held assay panel that can make an indication of the presence of several biological agents within how many minutes?

15

22

What is a disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus Anthracis

Anthrax

23

There are how many types of anthrax in humans?

Three

24

The average is from 1 to 7 days, although incubation periods of up to how many days can be possible for anthrax?

60

25

About what percent of untreated cases of cutaneous anthrax will result in death?

20%

26

Intestinal anthrax results in death in 25% to what percent of cases?

60%

27

What are primary treatment required for anthrax?

Antibiotics

28

What is an infectious disease that affects animals and humans and is caused by the bacterium yersinia pestis?

Plague

29

What is the most common form of plague?

Bubonic