Corpsman Manual Ch 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Corpsman Manual Ch 19 Deck (30)
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0
Q

There are two principal methods of obtaining blood specimens: the capillary method and what other method?

A

Vein puncture

1
Q

Manual, automated, or computer-generated laboratory test reports will be placed above what in the health record?

A

SF-545

2
Q

What type of blood collection is performed when a small quantity of blood is needed for testing as in the case of some pediatric blood draws

A

Capillary

3
Q

When drawing blood do not leave the tourniquet on for more than how long?

A

One minute

4
Q

What is a precision instrument used extensively in clinical laboratories to observe objects too small to be seen by the unaided eye?

A

Microscope

5
Q

The type of microscope most often used in the laboratory is referred to as the what?

A

Compound microscope

6
Q

The framework of the compound microscope consist of how many parts?

A

4

7
Q

A red cell count that drops below normal values may indicate what?

A

Anemia

8
Q

The primary function of what is delivery and release of oxygen to the tissues and facilitation of carbon dioxide excretion?

A

Hemoglobin

9
Q

Normal white blood cell values in adults range from 4,800 to how many cells per cubic millimeter?

A

10,800

10
Q

When the WBC rises above normal values, the condition is referred to as what?

A

Leukocytosis

11
Q

What account for the largest percentage of leukocytes found in a normal blood sample, and function by ingesting invading bacteria?

A

Neutrophils

12
Q

The function of what is to destroy parasites and respond in immediate allergic reactions?

A

Eosiniphil

13
Q

The function of what is associated with immune response and the body’s defense against viral infection?

A

Lymphocyte

14
Q

What is the largest of the normal white blood cells, control microbial and fungal infections, and removes damaged cells from the body?

A

Monocyte

15
Q

What are bacteria that cause diseases?

A

Pathogens

16
Q

The four growth requirements for bacteria are temperature, oxygen, nutrition, and what else?

A

Moisture

17
Q

What are organisms that reproduce in the presence of oxygen?

A

Aerobes

18
Q

What are organisms that do not reproduce in the presence of oxygen?

A

Anaerobes

19
Q

To enhance the visualization of microorganisms on the smear, what is used?

A

Gram staining

20
Q

What consist of procedures by which antigens and reacting serum globulin antibodies may be measured qualitatively and quantitatively?

A

Serology

21
Q

What is a substance that, when introduced into an individual’s body is recognized as foreign by an individual’s immune system and causes a detectable reaction?

A

Antigen

22
Q

What are specific defensive proteins produced when an antigen stimulates individual cells?

A

Antibodies

23
Q

The RPR Card test is a non-specific, easily performed screening test for what?

A

Syphilis

24
Q

Fungi reproduce by spores that germinate into long filaments called what

A

Hyphae

25
Q

The normal daily urine volume for adults ranges from 600 to 2000 ml averaging about how many ml?

A

1500

26
Q

What is defined as the density of a solution compared to an equal volume of distilled water?

A

Specific gravity

27
Q

In the presence of disease the specific gravity of a 24 hour urine specimen may vary from 1.001 to what?

A

1.060

28
Q

Specific gravity is measured with a what?

A

Index refractormeter

29
Q

What in the urine always indicate some form of kidney disorder and should always be reported?

A

Casts