Corpsman Manual Ch 8 Flashcards Preview

Advancement > Corpsman Manual Ch 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Corpsman Manual Ch 8 Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the science that treats the nature, causes, and development of oral diseases?

Oral Pathology

2

Salivary glands secrete about how many ml of saliva on a daily basis?

1,500

3

Microscopic counts in saliva show an average of how many microorganisms per milliliter?

750 million

4

What can be defined as any pathological or traumatic disorder of tissue that creates a loss of function of the area affected?

Oral lesions

5

What is a localized collection of pus in a specific area of soft tissue or bone?

abscess

6

What is an enclosed pouch or sac containing fluid or semi-solid material?

cyst

7

What are a disruption of the superficial covering of the mucosa or skin caused by biting, denture irritation, toothbrush injury, viruses or other irritnats?

ulcers

8

What diseaseis caused by amicrobial process that starts on the surface of the teeth and leads to the breaking down of enamel, dentin, and cementum?

Dental caries

9

The process that destroys the hard surfacesof the tooth is called what?

Decay

10

The cause of tooth decay has been linked to a group of bacteria called what, and other acid producing bacteria that are in the oral cavity?

streptococci

11

If the tooth surface has an area that has not progressed past the decalcification stage, this type of carious lesion is called what?

incepient

12

What are decay processes that occur underneath existing dental restorations?

Reccurent caries

13

Whatrefers to pain in the dental pulp and commonly occurs after a restoration has been placed in a tooth?

pulpagia

14

What is an inflammation of the dental pulp, caused by a bacterial infection resulting from dental caries or fractured teeth?

pulpitits

15

What results when the pulp has become inflamed and a small-pus like abcess forms in the pulpal canal?

periapical abscess

16

The death of tissue is called what?

necrosis

17

What is the most prevalent disease of humankind?

periondontal disease

18

What is an inflammation involving the gingival tissues?

Gingivitis

19

What is the most common type of gingival disease?

Marginal Gingivitis

20

What is an inflamtaion of the gingiva around a partially erupted tooth?

pericoronitis

21

the most common of all the herpetic HSV-1 Lesions is what?

Herpes labialis

22

The recurrent HSV-1 lesions take about how many days to resolve?

7 to 10

23

What is the main cause of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS)?

Human Immonodeficiency Virus (HIV)

24

What is the loss of substance of a tooth from a wearing away process caused by teeth against teeth?

Attrition

25

What results in the loss of the tooth structure secondary to the action of external agents?

Abrasion

26

What is loss of tooth substances from a chemical process that does not involve bacteria?

Erosion

27

Some types of lesions are called what because the factors producing this condition are unknown or may occur from a known acid source such as people who have bulimia, an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and self induced vomiting?

Idiopathic erosion