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Flashcards in Corpsman Manual Ch 6 Deck (166)
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1

The study of the body is divided into how many sciences?

2

2

What is the study of body structures and the relation of one part to another?

anatomy

3

What is the study of how the body works and how the various parts function individually and in relation to each other?

physiology

4

What imaginary plane divides the body into right and left halves on its vertical access?

sagittal

5

What planes are drawn perpendicular to the sagittal lines and divide the body into anterior(front) and posterior (rear) sections?

frontal

6

What plane which is drawn at right angles to both sagittal and frontal planes, divides the body into superior (upper and inferior (lower) sections?

Transverse

7

To aid in understanding the location of anatomical structures, a standard body positions called what is used as the point of reference?

Anatomical position

8

What involves the physical and chemical breakdown of food into its simplest forms?

digestion

9

What is the process of absorption, storage, and use of foods for body growth, maintenance and repair?

Metabolism

10

What is the body's self regulated control of its internal environment?

Homeostasis

11

What is the beginning level of the organization of the body?

Chemical level

12

What consist of chemical structures organized within larger units (cells) to perform a specific function?

Organelles

13

What consist of the smallest and most numerous structural unit that possess and exhibits the basic characteristics of living matter?

cells

14

What are a group of many similar cells that all develop together from the same part of an embryo and all perform a certain function?

Tissues

15

What is defined as a structure made up of several different kinds of tissues arranged so that, together, they can perform a special function?

Organ

16

What are the most complex of the organizational units of the body?

Systems

17

There are how many major systems that make up the human body?

11

18

What are a collections of interactive parts that are capable of surviving in hostile environments, with the ability to reproduce and repair damaged parts?

Organisms

19

A typical cell is made up of the plasma membrane, the nucleus, and what else?

Cytoplasm

20

What is a small, dense, usually spherical body that controls the chemical reactions occurring in the cell?

Nucleus

21

Every human cell contains how many chromosomes?

46

22

Tissues are classified into four main groups: epithelial, connective, muscular and what else?

Nervous

23

The lining tissue of the body is called what?

Epithelium

24

What tissue is composed of a single layer of cells whose nuclei are located at the same level as the nuclei in their neighboring cells?

columnar

25

In the digestive system, the chief function of columnar tissue is the secretion of digestive fluids and the absorption of nutrients from digested foods, In certain areas (such as the nostrils, bronchial tubes, and trachea), this tissue has a crown of microscopic hair lie processes mown as what?

cilia

26

What tissue is composed of thin plate-like or scale like cells forming a mosaic pattern?

Squamous epithelial

27

What tissue is the main protective of the body?

Squamous

28

In the kidneys, what tissue functions in the secretion and absorption of fluids?

cuboidal

29

What tissue is highly vascular, surrounds other cells, encases internal organs, sheathes muscles, wraps bones, encloses joints, and provides the supporting framework of the body?

Connective

30

What tissue consists of a meshwork of thin fibers that interlace in all directions, giving the tissue both elasticity and tensile strength?

Arreolar