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Flashcards in Cosmetics Deck (9)
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1

Chemical Peel

  • Depths and dermis
  • Formulations and depths

  • Superficial = Papillary dermis
  • Medium = upper reticular dermis
  • Deep = middle reticular dermis

 

Superficial: <30% TCA, or Jessners, or glycolic acid

Medium: <30% TCA + Jessners, or 30-50% TCA alone, or plain phenol

Deep: Special phenols

2

Which chemical peel agent is toxic to heart, lung, liver, and kidneys?

Baker's Phenol

3

Pre procedure agents. What is the goal?

  • Glycolic acid?
  • Tretinoin?
  • Hydroquinone?
  • Acyclovir?

 

  • Glycolic acid = Keritinolysis, enhance penetration
  • Tretinoin? = Increase collagen fibroblast for quicker healing
  • Hydroquinone = Prevent hyperpigmentation, melanocytes
  • Acyclovir = prevent herpetic infections

4

Management of hyperpigmentation following CO2 laser

  • Topical retinoids for fibroblast collagen production
  • Glycolic acid for keritinolysis
  • Hydroquinone to inhibit melanocytes
  • Camoflouge makeup

5

Which skin types most likely to have hyperpigmentation following CO2 laser?

Fitzpatrick III, IV

6

Which otoplasty technique has highest relapse?

Furnas technique

Post-auricular, remove vestigial muscle, suture cartilage to mastoid fascia

7

Perichondritis after otoplasty

  • Bug
  • Management
  • Prevention

Perichondritis after otoplasty

  • Bug = pseudomonas
  • Management = Ciprofloxacin, debridement
  • Prevention = Prevent hematoma

8

Incisions - Septoplasty/Rhinoplasty

Location of each incision:

  • Transfixion
  • Intercartilaginous
  • Weir

  • Transfixion: horizontal, placed at caudal end of septum, gives access to nasal septum
  • Intercartilaginous: vertical, placed between upper and lower lateral cartilage
  • Weir: Excision of mucosa at alar base for alar width narrowing

9

Muscles and Rhytids

  • Horizontal Forehead
  • Horizontal Glabella
  • Vertical Glabella

  • Horizontal Forehead = Frontalis m.
  • Horizontal Glabella = Procerus
  • Vertical Glabella = Corrugators