Flashcards in CSP Domain 2: Management Systems Deck (63)
Process of agreeing upon objectives within an organization so that mgmt and employees agree on the objectives and understand their roles in an organization
Management by objectives
Accident prevention theory that states that accidents result from interactions among humans, machines, and the environment
According to motivation theory, the safety professional can best improve safety performance by:
Providing recognition for proper safety performance
Note: Behavior theory and behavior based safety all consider praise and recognition as the primary driver of behavior changes
What accident theory was formulated on the basis of vehicular safety
Energy Release Theory
Formulated by Dr William Haddon
What are the 5 elements of behavior based safety systems?
-Identify behaviors that affect safety
-Define them to be able to measure performance
-Develop mechanisms to measure and set reasonable goals
OSHA Form 300
OSHA Form 300A
OSHA 301 log
300 “log” lists all recordable injuries from the previous year
300A is summary of recordable incidents from previous year
301 log is an illness and injury report
What are some examples of deductive methods?
Fault tree analysis
According to OSHA, who has the primary responsibility for safety in the workplace?
What does the acronym SMART stand for?
What is the main goal of management by objectives
Create goals using input from both management and employees
Accident prevention theory that states accidents are completely the results of human error
Human Factors Theory
Frequency of crane inspections by competent person
Leadership style in which employees are allowed to participate in the decision making process and are given some latitude in carrying out their work
What is an example of a leading indicator of a safety program
Near miss reporting- shows people are engaged in safety day to day
Which OSHA form must be publicly posted?
Accident theory that states a personal injury only occurs as a result of a hazard, which exists only through the fault of careless persons or poorly designed or improperly maintained equipment
Accidents were primarily the result of unsafe acts (88%) or unsafe conditions (10%). Only 2% are unavoidable.
Leadership style in which the leader makes decisions unilaterally but gives employees latitude in carrying out their work
What are the 4 elements of OSHAs voluntary protection program
-Management Leadership and Employee Involvement
-Hazard Prevention and Control
-Safety and Health Training
Study of the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions
How do you calculate future value?
The formula is F=P(1+i)n(exponent)
N=Number of years
Order of operations
1)calculate 1+i in parenthesis
2)calculate exponent n using ^ button on calculator
3)multiply by F
Theory that makes the following general assumptions about: Work is generally distasteful, people are not ambitious and prefer to be directed and has a negative view of human nature:
It also states that people are self centered, motivation occurs only to meet physiological and and security needs, people resist change, people are gullible and unintelligent, people have little aptitude for creativity in solving organizational changes
When auditing safety and health programs, what is the best way of determining if they are implemented properly?
By observing employees performing the procedures during operations
Loss of situational awareness as a result of fatigue, illness, stress, substance abuse or a similar condition is known as what?
Short term schedule involving a two to four week look ahead enabling the contractor to react to changes with agility
SIPS (Short Interval Production Schedule)
Statistically speaking, which group of employees is most at risk of an injury?
Theorizes that employees are motivated primarily at the self esteem and actualization levels
Developed by McGregor in 1960
*Positive view of human nature compared to Theory X
Continuous improvement quality model that consists of four repetitive steps conducted in a logical sequence
Deming Cycle or PDCA cycle
Plan, Do, Check, Act
A timeline showing a day week month when certain project activities should be accomplished
Gantt chart (helpful for viewing project at the Macro level
When conducting an injury and illness records analysis, how far back might one have to go to collect adequate information from a small site?