Flashcards in CSS Deck (36)
What are the names of the individual pieces of a CSS rule?
selector, declaration = property: value;
In CSS, how do you select elements by their class attribute?
In CSS, how do you select elements by their type?
In CSS, how do you select an element by its id attribute?
Name three different types of values you can use to specify colors in CSS.
rgb values, hex codes, color values
What CSS properties make up the box model?
padding, border, margin
Which CSS property pushes boxes away from each other?
Which CSS property adds space between a box's content and its border?
What is a pseudo-class?
class applied to element by browser in special circumstances
What are CSS pseudo-classes useful for?
applying styling based on user actions
Name at least two units of type size in CSS.
pixels, percentages, ems
What CSS property controls the font used for the text inside an element?
What is the default flex-direction of a flex container?
What is the default flex-wrap of a flex container?
Why do two div elements "vertically stack" on one another by default?
div is a block-level element
What is the default flex-direction of an element with display: flex?
What is the default value for the position property of HTML elements?
How does setting position: relative on an element affect document flow?
It doesn't change anything
How does setting position: relative on an element affect where it appears on the page?
It moves the element relative to its normal position
How does setting position: absolute on an element affect document flow?
The surrounding elements act like the element isn't there and fill the gap
How does setting position: absolute on an element affect where it appears on the page?
It moves the element in relation to the containing non-static element
How do you constrain an absolutely positioned element to a containing block?
The container must be non-static too
What are the four box offset properties?
top, bottom, right, left
What are the four components of "the Cascade".
source order, inheritance, specificity, !important
What does the term "source order" mean with respect to CSS?
the order CSS rules are written in the stylesheet
How is it possible for the styles of an element to be applied to its children as well without an additional CSS rule?
for some properties, children inherit the styles of the parent element
List the three selector types in order of increasing specificity.
type, .class, #id
Why is using !important considered bad practice?
breaks the natural cascading of styles, making it harder to pinpoint any issues in the stylesheet
What does the transform property do?
moves an element along the CSS coordinate plane