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Flashcards in CSS Deck (36)
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1

What are the names of the individual pieces of a CSS rule?

selector, declaration = property: value;

2

In CSS, how do you select elements by their class attribute?

.class-name

3

In CSS, how do you select elements by their type?

element-type

4

In CSS, how do you select an element by its id attribute?

#id

5

Name three different types of values you can use to specify colors in CSS.

rgb values, hex codes, color values

6

What CSS properties make up the box model?

padding, border, margin

7

Which CSS property pushes boxes away from each other?

margin

8

Which CSS property adds space between a box's content and its border?

padding

9

What is a pseudo-class?

class applied to element by browser in special circumstances

10

What are CSS pseudo-classes useful for?

applying styling based on user actions

11

Name at least two units of type size in CSS.

pixels, percentages, ems

12

What CSS property controls the font used for the text inside an element?

font-family

13

What is the default flex-direction of a flex container?

row

14

What is the default flex-wrap of a flex container?

nowrap

15

Why do two div elements "vertically stack" on one another by default?   

div is a block-level element

16

What is the default flex-direction of an element with display: flex?

row

17

What is the default value for the position property of HTML elements?

static

18

How does setting position: relative on an element affect document flow?

It doesn't change anything

19

How does setting position: relative on an element affect where it appears on the page?

It moves the element relative to its normal position

20

How does setting position: absolute on an element affect document flow?

The surrounding elements act like the element isn't there and fill the gap

21

How does setting position: absolute on an element affect where it appears on the page?

It moves the element in relation to the containing non-static element

22

How do you constrain an absolutely positioned element to a containing block?

The container must be non-static too

23

What are the four box offset properties?

top, bottom, right, left

24

What are the four components of "the Cascade".

source order, inheritance, specificity, !important

25

What does the term "source order" mean with respect to CSS?

the order CSS rules are written in the stylesheet

26

How is it possible for the styles of an element to be applied to its children as well without an additional CSS rule?

for some properties, children inherit the styles of the parent element

27

List the three selector types in order of increasing specificity.

type, .class, #id

28

Why is using !important considered bad practice?

breaks the natural cascading of styles, making it harder to pinpoint any issues in the stylesheet

29

What does the transform property do?

moves an element along the CSS coordinate plane

30

Give four examples of CSS transform functions.

translate( ), rotate( ), scale( ), skew( )