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Flashcards in Culture Deck (32):
1

4 characteristics that define a country

Clearly defined territory
Population
Sovereignty
Government

2

Clearly defined territory includes:

Land
Water
Natural resources
Within its boundaries

3

Sovereignty

A nation's freedom from outside control

4

Government

The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies and provides for its common needs.

5

3 types of structure

Unitary system
Federation
Confederation

6

Unitary system

One central government runs the nation

7

Federation

Powers are split between
National gov't
Local gov't

8

Confederation

Small political units are in control and central gov't gets defense and foreign commerce.

9

5 basis of authorities

Authoritarian
Dictatorship
Totalitarianism
Monarchy
Democracy

10

Authoritarian

Leaders hold all power

11

Dictatorship

Power us concentrated on a small group or one person

12

Totalitarianism

The most extreme form of dictatorship
Gov't tries to control every part of society

13

Monarchy

Authoritarian
Monarchs inherit position

14

Democracy

Constitutional monarchy w/ parliament can be one
Voting, reps making laws

15

4 Types of economic systems

Traditional
Market
Command
Mixed

16

Traditional

Subsistence
Families to
Produce for personal consmptn to
Little surplus. And Little exchange of goods.

17

Market

Capitalism
Consumers and laws if s +d. And private enterprise to determine prices and production (w/gov't regs)

18

Command

Communism
Government to
Owns business, operates bss and determines production.

19

Mixed

Socialism
Combo of other three

20

Population density

# of people living per square _____

21

Arithmetic density

# of people p square mile

22

Physiologic density

# of people living on arable land

23

Population distribution
Highest concentrations

China
India
West Europe
East US

24

3 types of population policies

Restrictive
Expansive
Eugenics

25

Why didn't Malthus and ehrlichs policies come true?

War
Disease
Genetically modified foods

26

Dependency rate

=65

27

Elements of culture

Cultural hearth
(What brings a culture together)

Cultural change

28

Cultural hearth

Religion
Language
Social organizations
Cultural landscape
Women+minorities

29

Cultural change

Cultural convergence
Cultural diffusion
Cultural divergence

30

Cultural convergence

Skills
Habits
Arts
Institutions
Ideas

31

Cultural diffusion

Migration
Acculturation

32

Cultural divergence

Restricted:
Movement
Transportation
Communication
Spread of ideas