Vocab For Central Europe + N. Eurasia Flashcards Preview

Geography > Vocab For Central Europe + N. Eurasia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab For Central Europe + N. Eurasia Deck (35):
1

Domestication

The process of training and breeding animals for use by humans

2

Communism

A system in which the government controlled almost all aspects of the political and economic life

3

Eurasia

Europe and Asia viewed as a large single continent

4

Tundra

Treeless plane in Arctic areas where short grasses and mosses grow
by Arctic Ocean

5

Taiga

Coniferous forests

6

Steppe

Expansive grasslands
Broad open stretches

7

Multiethnic

Containing many ethnic groups

8

Ethnic group

People who share culture, language, and religion

9

Acid rain

A form of pollution in which toxic chemicals in the air come back to earth as rain, snow, or hail

10

National identity

Sense of what characteristics make them a nation

11

Ghetto

An area of the city where a minority is forced to live

12

Holocaust

When Nazis massacred More than 6 million Jews across Europe

13

Velvet Revolution

A revolution without bloodshed

14

Collective farm

Workers are paid by government and share profits from their products

15

Privatization

The process of selling government-owned industries and businesses to private owners who can run them more efficiently

16

Balkanize

To break up into small, mutually hostile political units

17

Entrepreneur

Go-getter individuals who start and build businesses

18

Multiplier effect

Effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout an economy

19

Diversify

Increase variety of their industries

20

Chernozem

"Black earth"

21

Permafrost

Layer of permanently frozen soil

22

Czar

Monarchs
Caesar

23

Abdicate

Give up crown

24

Soviet

Governing council

25

Command economy

A central authority decides what goods will be produced

26

Glasnost

"Openness" Allowed to citizens and news media to say what they wanted without fear of being prosecuted

27

Perestroika

Economic restructuring

28

Rubel

The currency of Russia

29

Black market

System of selling goods and services outside of the official channels

30

Autonomy

Independence

31

Genocide

Systematic killing or intentional destruction of a people

32

Nationalism

Pride in one's nation; The desire of a cultural group to rule themselves

33

Fundamentalism

A set of religious beliefs based on a strict interpretation of a sacred text

34

Yurt

A rounded tent made of a wooden framework and covered with felt or skins

35

Desertification

The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention