Latin America Vocab Flashcards Preview

Geography > Latin America Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Latin America Vocab Deck (39):
1

Plateau

An area of high, flat land

2

Peninsula

Strip of land that juts out into an ocean

3

Irrigation

Artificial watering of farmland by storing and distributing water drawn from reservoirs or rivers

4

Sinkhole

When the roof of a cavern collapses
When limestone dissolves

5

Hacienda

Large, Spanish-owned estates of land
Farms
Cattle ranches

6

Land redistribution

Large hacienda estates were divided among landless peasants

7

Ejido

Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community

8

Subsistence farming

Grow only enough crops to meet needs

9

Latifundio

Huge commercial farms owned by individuals or farming companies

10

Cash crop

Farm crops grown for sale and profit by latifundios
Corn, sugar cane, coffee, fruits

11

NAFTA

North America Free Trade Agreement
Phased out trade barriers among
North America

12

Maquiladora

A factory that produces clothes and other goods by the border
Employs many people

13

Migrant worker

Landless, jobless, peasants
Travel from place to place where extra workers are needed to cultivate or harvest crops

14

Isthmus

A narrow strip of land with water on both sides

15

Guerrilla

Armed forces outside of the regular army
Often fight in small bands

16

Archipelago

Group of islands

17

Coral island

Islands with flatter terrain, created by coral polyps' skeletons

18

Windward

Facing the wind
Green

19

Leeward

Facing away from the wind
Desert

20

Escarpment

A steep cliff between 2 level areas of land at different heights

21

Sertão

Interior plateau

22

Favela

Slum communities

23

Plantation

Large commercial farms
An estate farmed by many workers

24

Gasohol

Fuel
A mixture of gasoline and ethanol
Made from Brazil's sugar cane

25

Deforestation

Permanent removal of woodland

26

Ecotourism

Tourism that encourages environmental awareness and has little effect on the ecosystem

27

Mulatto

People of mixed African and other ancestry

28

Bauxite

A mineral used in making aluminum
Guyana and suriname

29

Llano

Grassland, savanna, "plains"

30

Cordillera

Mountain ranges

31

Campesino

Tenant farmers
Grow cash crop coffee

32

Altiplano

High plain, Peru, Bolivia

33

Páramo

A plateau in the Andes of ecuadir

34

Timber line

The boundary above which continuous forest vegetation cannot grow

35

Selva

A forested region in Ecuador, Peru, and bolivia

36

Estuary

A broad iver mouth formed where a flooded river valley meets the sea

37

Piedmont

Foothills

38

Pampas

Temperate grasslands
Argentina, uruguay

39

Gaucho

Cowboys who herded cattle in the pampas