Africa Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Africa Vocab Deck (49):
0

Fellaheen

An Egyptian farmer; a peasant or farm laborer in Arab countries

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Bazaar

An open air market; A street lined with shops and stalls

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Pharaoh

A ruler of ancient Egypt

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Basin irrigation

And old system by which water and silt was controlled by an embankment and time-released to irrigate farmlands

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Reservoir

A body of water collected in a natural or artificial lake

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Perennial irrigation

An irrigation system that provides necessary water to the land throughout the year

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Capital

Wealth in the form of money or property owned or used in business; Wealth in whatever form used to produce more wealth

7

Wadi

A gully, or usually dry riverbed, cut in the earth by running water after downpour in arid regions of the middle east and north Africa

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Caravan

A large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety

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Medina

The old section of a north African city, usually centered around a mosque

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Souk

A market in an Arab community

11

Shifting agriculture

A type of agriculture in which a site is prepared and used to grow crops for a year or two, at which point the farmer moves on to a new site

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Forage

Food for grazing animals

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Deforestation

The process of stripping the land of its trees

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Desertification

The loss of all vegetation; The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention

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Refugee

A person who flees his or her country to escape invasion, oppression, or persecution

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Landlocked

Almost or entirely surrounded by land; Cut off from the sea

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Inland Delta

An area of lakes, creeks, and swamps away from the ocean

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Coup

The sudden overthrow of a ruler of government, often involving violent force, or threat of force

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Ancestor worship

The belief that respecting and honoring one's ancestors will cause them to live on in the spirit world after death

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Animism

The religious belief that such things as the sky, rivers, and trees contain a spirit, or a soul

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World Bank

An agency of the United Nations that provides loans to countries for development projects

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International monetary fund

An agency of the United Nations that provides loans to countries for development projects

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Structural adjustment program

Program to reform the structure of an economy

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Watershed

A dividing ridge between two basins

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Mercenary

A person who works as a soldier purely for financial gain; a professional soldier hired by foreign country

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Barter

The exchange of goods without money

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Harambee

A policy of cooperation adopted in Kenya after independence to encourage economic growth

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Pyrthrum

A pesticide produced from certain flowers

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Malnutrition

Disease caused by lack of proper food; In adequate nutrition resulting from an unbalanced diet or insufficient foods

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Strategic value

Importance of a place or thing for nations planning military actions

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Ethnocracy

A system of government in which one ethnic group rules others

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Villagization

A political movement by which rural people are forced to move to towns and work on collective farms

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Apartheid

An Afrikaans word meaning "apartness", Formerly in the Republic of South Africa, The policy of strict racial segregation and discrimination against non-white

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Segregation

The act of imposing the social separation of races

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Sanction

An action taken by the international community to punish a country country for unacceptable behaviors and to bring pressure on that country to reverse it's policy

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Enclave

A country completely surrounded by another country

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White flight

The departure of trained white administrators and technicians from a region

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Land redistribution

A policy by which land is expropriated from those who own large amounts and redistributed to go to have little or none

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Sahel

Region in Africa south of the Sahara

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Colonialism

A system where countries have colonies to secure sources of raw materials and markets for products

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Plateaus

An area of high, flat land

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Escarpment

A steep cliff that separates two level areas of different elevations

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Chaparral

Vegetation adapted to Mediterranean climates
Small evergreen trees and scrub

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Savanna

Tropical grassland with scattered trees, by the equator

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Oral history

History passed down by word-of-mouth

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Nomadic herding

Moving flocks to different pastures throughout the year

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Leaching

Dissolving and washing away of nutrients in the soil

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Land degradation

Reduction in the productive potential of the land