Flashcards in Data - BLS and other useful misc Deck (17):
Reversible causes of cardiac arrest?
Hypo/hyper-kalaemia (or metabolic)
Tamponade - cardiac
Treatment of hyperkalaemia?
Where to put a femoral line/catheter?
Femoral pulse is midway between ASIS and pubic symphysis
1cm medial and inferior to this
Afferent and efferent arms of corneal reflex?
Afferent CNV1 - ophthalamic
Efferent CNVII - facial
Afferent and efferent arms of jaw jerk reflex?
How long should rounds of CPR be?
If shockable rhythm, shock once then resume 2 mins CPR
If not shockable rhythm, commence CPR for 2 mins, then reassess rhythm
Hyperpigmentation of skin in pregnancy?
Not just in pregnancy
Difficult opening mouth due to irritation of muscles of mastication?
Trismus - may be due to quinsy
Most prostate cancers arise in which part?
Mental health act sections
2. Assessment - up to 28 days
3. Treatment - up to 6 months
4. Emergency assessment - 72 hours
5(2) Up to 72 hours
5(4) Up to 6 hours - Nurse only
What is internuclear ophthalmoplegia?
Dysfunction/injury to medial longitudinal fasciculus
Affected eye cannot adduct to lateral gaze, contralateral eye has nystagmus
Convergence is often preserved
How to tell difference between ptosis due to CNIII or Horners?
CNIII lesion = dilated pupil
Horner's constricted pupil (compression of sympathetic chain)
Unresponsive and not breathing
1. Call 999 - ambulance
2. 30 Chest compressions
3. 2 rescue breaths
4. Continue CPR
5. Attach defib
1. Encourage coughing
2. 5 back blows
3. 5 abdominal thrusts
4. alternate 2 and 3
5. If become unresponsive, start CPR
Difference in BLS in children and drowning?
5 rescue breaths before commencing CPR as normal
Drugs given and when in ALS?
IV Adrenaline 1mg - after 3rd shock, and every other shock,
IV Amiodarone 300mg - after 3rd shock - once only
IV Adrenaline 1mg - given asap