Data - BLS and other useful misc Flashcards Preview

3rd Year > Data - BLS and other useful misc > Flashcards

Flashcards in Data - BLS and other useful misc Deck (17):
1

Reversible causes of cardiac arrest?

4Hs 4Ts
Hypoxia
Hypovolaemia
Hypo/hyper-kalaemia (or metabolic)
Hypothermia
Thrombosis
Tension pneumothorax
Tamponade - cardiac
Toxins

2

Treatment of hyperkalaemia?

Calcium gluconate
Insulin-glucose infusion
Salbutamol

3

Where to put a femoral line/catheter?

Femoral pulse is midway between ASIS and pubic symphysis
1cm medial and inferior to this

4

Afferent and efferent arms of corneal reflex?

Afferent CNV1 - ophthalamic
Efferent CNVII - facial

5

Afferent and efferent arms of jaw jerk reflex?

Afferent CNV
Efferent CNV3

6

How long should rounds of CPR be?

2 minutes
Defibrillator attached:
If shockable rhythm, shock once then resume 2 mins CPR
If not shockable rhythm, commence CPR for 2 mins, then reassess rhythm

7

Hyperpigmentation of skin in pregnancy?

Melasma
Not just in pregnancy

8

Difficult opening mouth due to irritation of muscles of mastication?

Trismus - may be due to quinsy

9

Most prostate cancers arise in which part?

Peripheral
70-80%

10

Mental health act sections

DATED
1. Definition
2. Assessment - up to 28 days
3. Treatment - up to 6 months
4. Emergency assessment - 72 hours
5. Detention
5(2) Up to 72 hours
5(4) Up to 6 hours - Nurse only

11

What is internuclear ophthalmoplegia?

Dysfunction/injury to medial longitudinal fasciculus
Affected eye cannot adduct to lateral gaze, contralateral eye has nystagmus
Horizontal diplopia
Convergence is often preserved

12

How to tell difference between ptosis due to CNIII or Horners?

CNIII lesion = dilated pupil
Horner's constricted pupil (compression of sympathetic chain)

13

BLS sequence?

Unresponsive and not breathing

1. Call 999 - ambulance
2. 30 Chest compressions
3. 2 rescue breaths
4. Continue CPR
5. Attach defib

14

Choking algorithm?

1. Encourage coughing
2. 5 back blows
3. 5 abdominal thrusts
4. alternate 2 and 3
5. If become unresponsive, start CPR

15

Difference in BLS in children and drowning?

5 rescue breaths before commencing CPR as normal

16

Drugs given and when in ALS?

Shockable rhythms:
IV Adrenaline 1mg - after 3rd shock, and every other shock,
IV Amiodarone 300mg - after 3rd shock - once only

Non-shockable rhythms:
IV Adrenaline 1mg - given asap

17

What forms cervical plexus?

Spinal nerves from C1-C4
Phrenic nerve branches from C3,4,5