Data - Gastrointestinal Flashcards Preview

3rd Year > Data - Gastrointestinal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Data - Gastrointestinal Deck (23):
1

Signs of GI disease in the hands?

Clubbing
Koilonychia
Leukonychia (liver disease)
Palmar erythema (liver disease)
(and asterixis)

2

Proper name for dry mouth

Xerostomia

3

Proper name for altered taste sensation

Dysgeusia

4

Proper name for foul taste sensation

Cacageusia

5

Proper name for fatty pale greasy stools

Steatorrhoea

6

Proper name for rectal bleeding

Haematochezia

7

Dyspepsia relieved by meals?

Duodenal ulcer

8

Dyspepsia worse 15-30 mins after eating?

Gastric ulcer

9

Pain on swallowing?

Odynophagia

10

Tongue appearance in Fe deficiency?

Atrophic glossitis (smooth, pale tongue)
(and angular chelitis)

11

Tongue appearance in B12/folate deficiency?

Beefy, red tongue.

12

Left supraclavicular lymphadenopathy?

Virchow's node
Troisier's sign
Sign of metastatic abdominal malignancy

13

Cause of palmar erythema and spider naevi?

Excess oestrogen, not being broken down by liver.
May be present in pregnant women.

14

Leukonychia pathology?

Hypoalbuminaemia,
loss of proteins (malabsorption, protein losing-enteropathy)

15

Mousy odour of breath?

Fetor hepaticus - due to dimethyl sulphide - portosystemic shunting

16

Draw and name abdominal surgical scars [7]

Upper midline
Kocher's - right subcosttal
Paramedian
Lower midline
Appendicectomy
Pfannenstiel
Inguinal

17

Inflamed gallbladder - pain and arrest of inspiration on palpation?

Murphy's sign

18

Direct vs indirect inguinal hernia?

Direct: doesn't follow inguinal canal
Indirect: follows inguinal canal - 85% all inguinal hernias

19

Signs of strangulated hernia?

Tense and tender hernia
No cough impulse
Later:
Bowel obstruction
Shock, sepsis

20

Name for infected fallopian tube?

Salpingitis

21

Bruising and subcutaneous oedema around umbilicus, name and cause?

Cullen's sign:
Ruptured ectopic
Aortic rupture
Acute pancreatitis

22

Pain in left iliac fossa produces pain in right iliac fossa?

Rovsing's sign - acute appendicitis

23

How to separate internal and external haemorrhoids?

Pectinate line - embryological end of hind gut, lots of separate things, vascular, lymphatic drainage etc