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Flashcards in Data - MSK Deck (21):
1

Distal part deviates away from midline?

Valgus

2

Distal part deviates towards the midline?

Varus

3

What is Schirmer's tear test?

Used to diagnose keratoconjunctivitis sicca (as in Sjorgens)
Blotting paper hooked on eye, tear distance measured, >15mm normal <5mm abnormal

4

Cause of Trendelenburg gait?

Poor abductor function when weight bearing on affected side --> contralateral hemipelvis falls

Also structural and painful hip joint problems

5

Spinal nerves innervating upper limb movements?

C5,6 - arm abduction, elbow flexion
C6,7 - Wrist extension
C7,8 - Elbow extension
C8,T1 - Hand grasp, finger abduction

6

Spinal nerves innervating lower limb movements?

L1,2,3 - Hip flexion
L1,3,4 - Knee extension
L4,5,S1 - Knee flexion
L4,5 - Ankle dorsiflexion
L5,S1 - Great toe extension
S1,S2 - Ankle plantar flexion

7

Lateral curvature of the spine?

Scoliosis

8

Degenerative change in spine?

Spondylosis

9

Defect in pars interarticularis of vertebral arch?

Spondylolysis

10

One vertebra slipping anteriorly on an inferior vertebra?

Spondylolisthesis

11

One vertebra slipping posteriorly on an inferior vertebra?

Retrolisthesis

12

Finger deformities in rheumatoid arthritis?
(and draw them)

Swan neck --^
Mallet --¬
Boutonniere -^-

13

Proper names for tennis elbow and golfer's elbow?

Tennis elbow - lateral epicondylitis
Golfer's elbow - medial epicondylitis

14

Muscles of rotator cuff?

Supraspinatus
Subscapularis
Teres minor
Infraspinatus

15

Sausage toe?

Swollen - dactylitis
Psoriatic arthropathy

16

Tenderness on metatarsal compression with spontaneous lancinating pain?

Morton's neuroma

17

Test for achilles rupture?

Thomson's or Simmon's test
Squeeze calf

18

Low serum calcium bone pathology?

Osteomalacia

19

Serology for rheumatoid arthritis?

Anticyclic citrullinated peptides (ACPA) - very specific
IgM Rheumatoid factor

20

Femur fracture types?

Intracapsular - NOF fractures
Extracapsular: - Intertrochanteric (between trochanters)
- Sub trochanteric

21

Hip dislocation?

Most common after total hip replacement
Normally posterior dislocation