DAY 21-23 Flashcards Preview

Hackers TOEFL > DAY 21-23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in DAY 21-23 Deck (169)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

flourish

A

v. thrive, prosper, blossom, do well 번창하다

2
Q

dissipate

A

v. disperse, scatter (구름, 안개) 흩뜨리다, 흩어지다 (낭비하다: squander, waste)

3
Q

profound

A

adj. 1. great, significant 엄청난
2. deep, fundamental 깊은, 심오한
3. far-reaching 폭넓은

4
Q

intriguing

A

adj. interesting but not completely understood, fascinating 매우 흥미로운

5
Q

considerably

A

adv. significantly, appreciably, fairly 상당히

6
Q

ingenuity

A

n. creativeness, inventiveness; cleverness 창의력

7
Q

conquer

A

v. defeat, prevail, triumph (conquest 획득: acquisition)

8
Q

fragment

A

n. 1. piece, flake, particle, part

2. break apart, shatter, divide 산산이 부수다, 부서지다

9
Q

spell

A

n. a certain period of time 한동안

10
Q

facet

A

n. aspect, phase 측면

11
Q

mundane

A

adj. ordinary, banal, commonplace 일상적인, 평범한

12
Q

dense

A

adj. crowded, thick, compact 밀집한, 빽빽한

13
Q

random

A

adj. unplanned, unpredictable, chance

14
Q

mere

A

adj. nothing more than, insignificant 단지~에 불과한, 하찮은

15
Q

persistence

A

n. continuation, ceaselessness 지속

16
Q

intrusive

A

adj. interfering, meddlesome 개입, 참견하는

17
Q

culminate in

A

phr. reach completion in, reach the highest point in ~에서 절정에 달하다

18
Q

stabilize

A

v. hold in place, support 안정시키다, 고정시키다

19
Q

prompt

A

v. cause, bring about, induce, stimulate 유발하다; 자극하다

20
Q

distinction

A

n. difference, divergence, contrast 차이

21
Q

constant

A

adj. unchangeable, steady, stationary 변함없는, 일정한

22
Q

appreciation

A

n. understanding, comprehension 이해

23
Q

sophistication

A

n. expertise (고도의)지식 (세련됨: urbanity, refinement)

24
Q

pronouncement

A

n. statement, declaration, proclamation 선언, 발표

25
Q

flag

A

v. lessen, weaken, fade, wither 시들다, 줄다 (표시하다: mark, label)

26
Q

ambivalent

A

adj. mixed, unsure, undecided 상반되는 감정을 가진

27
Q

term

A

v. call, name, designate, denominate 칭하다

28
Q

flawed

A

adj. incorrect, defective, imperfect 결함이 있는

29
Q

reminisce

A

v. recollect, remember, recall, look back 회상하다

30
Q

destitute of

A

phr. lacking, empty of, defiant in ~이 없는

31
Q

regrettably

A

adv. unfortunately, lamentably, sadly 유감스럽게도

32
Q

principle

A

n. basic method, original method 원리

principal 주요한, 주된: main, chief

33
Q

contain

A

v. include, comprise

34
Q

juncture

A

n. connection, auction, link 연결, 집합

35
Q

discount

A

v. ignore, disregard

36
Q

or so

A

phr. roughly

37
Q

dejected

A

adj. depressed, downhearted

38
Q

proposal

A

n. idea, offer, proposition, suggestion 제안

39
Q

for all

A

phr. in spite of, with all, despite ~에도 불구하고

40
Q

uniquely

A

adv. exceptionally, distinctively

41
Q

criticize

A

v. find fault with, blame, condemn, censure 비난하다

42
Q

erode

A

v. wear down, wear away, wear out (erosion 침식: corrosion)

43
Q

tension

A

n. strain, pressure 긴장, 압박

44
Q

ancient

A

adj. early, old, prehistoric, antique 고대의

45
Q

inherently

A

adv. essentially, intrinsically 본질적으로

46
Q

sporadic

A

adj. occasional, intermittent, irregular, infrequent 때때로 일어나는

47
Q

apex

A

n. crest, peak, acme, pinnacle 정점

48
Q

though

A

adv. 1. however, nevertheless, yet, still 그렇지만
2. although, while, albeit ~이지만
(thorough 철저한: exhaustive, scrupulous)

49
Q

infer

A

v. conclude, derive, reason, deduce 추론하다

50
Q

core

A

n. central idea, center, heart 핵심

51
Q

mutation

A

n. change, variation, alteration 돌연변이 과정, 변화, 변형

52
Q

thrill

A

n. excitement, exhilaration, frisson 흥분, 전율

53
Q

mutilate

A

v. damage, injure, disable 못쓰게 만들다

54
Q

rigidly

A

adv. strictly, rigorously, severely 엄격하게

55
Q

matter

A

n. 1. substance, material, stuff 물질

2. issue 사안 (중요하다: be important)

56
Q

contradicting

A

adj. opposing

57
Q

unwilling

A

adj. reluctant 마지못해, 꺼리는

58
Q

skeptical

A

adj. doubling, incredulous, dubious, suspicious 의심많은

59
Q

optimal

A

adj. best, ideal, most satisfactory

60
Q

hint

A

n. indication, implication, clue 임시, 단서 (넌지시 알려주다: suggest, insinuate)

61
Q

challenge

A

n. 1. difficulty, problem 문제, 난제

2. question, dispute 이의를 제기하다

62
Q

potentially

A

adv. possibly, perhaps, maybe 어쩌면

63
Q

compel

A

v. force, oblige, require, coerce 강요하다

64
Q

simultaneously

A

adv. at the same time, concurrently, in parallel

65
Q

static

A

adj. unchanging, immobile, unmoving 변화가 없는, 고정된

66
Q

retain

A

v. preserve, keep, maintain 보유하다, 유지하다 (restrain 억제하다: suppress, repress)

67
Q

strictly

A

adv. 1. rigorously, severely, tightly, precisely 엄격히, 엄밀히

2. only, exclusively, solely 오로지

68
Q

exceptionally

A

adv. uncommonly, unusually, distinctively 유난히

69
Q

consequently

A

adv. as a result, therefore, hence, thus 그 결과, 따라서

70
Q

obtain

A

v. acquire, gain, earn, derive, achieve 얻다, 획득하다

71
Q

epitomize

A

v. 1. exemplify, typify, represent ~의 전형이 되다

2. summarize, abridge 요약하다

72
Q

aggregate

A

adj. 1. overall, total; combined, collective 총계의; 집합적인

2. gather, collect, combine, accumulate, amass 모이다, 모으다 (aggravate: exacerbate)

73
Q

in principle

A

phr. theoretically, in theory, on paper 이론상으로

74
Q

sequentially

A

adv. consecutively, successively 연속적으로, 순차적으로

75
Q

surveillance

A

n. observation, watch, supervision 감시

76
Q

accompany

A

v. occur with, come with 동반하다

77
Q

hazardous

A

adj. dangerous, perilous, risky, unsafe

78
Q

thwart

A

v. frustrate

79
Q

vanish

A

v. disappear, fade, evaporate (banish 추방하다: exile, expatriate)

80
Q

synthesis

A

n. combination, union, integration 통합

81
Q

forum

A

n. public area, public square 공공광장

82
Q

invade

A

v. trespass, enter, intrude, raid 침입하다

83
Q

quarters

A

n. residence, dwelling, habitation, abode 주거, 주소 (숙박시키다: accomodate, house)

84
Q

abolish

A

v. eliminate, end, annul, revoke, nullify

85
Q

staggering

A

adj. shocking, astonishing, stunning, astounding 충격적인

86
Q

disclose

A

v. reveal, divulge, unveil (비밀) 폭로하다, 밝히다

87
Q

scores

A

n. a large number, host, crowd, multitude 다수

88
Q

eager to

A

phr. anxious to, keen to, impatient to

89
Q

systematically

A

adv. methodically

90
Q

stimulate

A

v. prompt, spur, promote, activate 자극하다, 활성화시키다 (simulate 흉내내다: imitate, pretend)

91
Q

limited

A

adj. restricted, narrow, confined 제한된, 한정된

92
Q

excessive

A

adj. extreme, undue, exorbitant 지나친

93
Q

similar

A

adj. comparable, alike, analogous 비슷한

94
Q

entitled to

A

phr. given the right to, authorized to, qualified to ~할 권리가 있는 (권리를 주다: empower, warrant)

95
Q

constantly

A

adv. continually, continuously, perpetually, always 끊임없이

96
Q

turbulence

A

n. agitation, tumult, commotion, turmoil 소란, 동요

97
Q

essence

A

n. fundamental, essentiality, substance, nature 본질

98
Q

back up

A

phr. support, stand by, aid, assist 지지하다, 지원하다

99
Q

flexibility

A

n. adaptability, adjustability, versatility 융통성, 적응성

100
Q

archaic

A

adj. antiquated, outdated, old, primitive 구식의

101
Q

eject

A

v. force out, throw out, expel 쫒아내다

102
Q

interpret

A

v. construe, explain; understand 해석하다; 이해하다

103
Q

intensity

A

n. strength

104
Q

sloping

A

adj. inclining, inclined, slanted

105
Q

endeavor

A

v. make an effort, strive, struggle, attempt

106
Q

circumvent

A

v. get around, bypass, detour 우회하다

107
Q

counterproductive

A

adj. contrary to what is necessary 역효과를 낳다

108
Q

lucid

A

adj. clear, obvious, distinct 명료한

109
Q

delineate

A

v. outline, trace 그리다

110
Q

practical

A

adj. pragmatic, functional; effective 실용적인; 효과적인

111
Q

revere

A

v. honor, admire, venerate, respect 존경하다, 숭배하다

112
Q

unpromising

A

adj. unfavorable 가망이 없는

113
Q

heed

A

n. attention, notice, caution 주의

주의를 기울이다: pay attention to, listen to

114
Q

location

A

n. region, site, position, place 장소, 지역

115
Q

opposing

A

adj. conflicting 상반되는, 모순되는

116
Q

configuration

A

n. arrangement; shape, form, conformation 배치; (배치) 형태

117
Q

induce

A

v. 1. bring about, cause, stimulate 야기하다, 유발하다

2. persuade, convince 설득하다

118
Q

attain

A

v. 1. reach, arrive at 도달하다
2. achieve, accomplish, realize 성취하다, 얻다
retain: 유지하다, 보유하다
detain: 감금하다

119
Q

erratic

A

adj. irregular, unpredictable, uneven 불규칙한

120
Q

eventual

A

adj. ultimate, final 최종적인

121
Q

mandate

A

n. order, command, instruction 명령, 지시

122
Q

prosperous

A

adj. 1. flourishing, thriving, blooming 번영하는

2. financially successful, wealthy, affluent 부유한

123
Q

requisite

A

n. 1. necessity, requirement 필수품
2. essential, required, necessary 필수의
(requite 갚다, 보답하다: return, repay)

124
Q

partake of

A

phr. consume, share 함께먹다, 함께하다

125
Q

pledge

A

n. promise, oath, vow, undertaking 약속, 맹세

126
Q

contend

A

v. argue, assert, maintain 주장하다

127
Q

confine

A

n. 1. boundary, limit 경계, 범위

2. cramp, enclose, cage; limit 가두다; 제안하다

128
Q

dictate

A

v. 1. require, suggest, prescribe (권위) 지시하다

2. determine 결정하다

129
Q

durable

A

adj. long-lasting, lasting, enduring 오래가는

130
Q

collectively

A

adv. together, all together, unitedly 공동으로

131
Q

furnish

A

v. provide, supply, offer 제공하다

132
Q

alter

A

v. change, modify, metamorphose 변경하다, 바꾸다

133
Q

determine

A

v. 1. decide, resolve, conclude
2. figure out, calculate 측정하다
(determined 결심한: resolute, firm)

134
Q

haul

A

v. draw, pull, drag, heave 끌고가다

135
Q

approximation

A

n. nearness, closeness, proximity 근접성

136
Q

found wanting

A

phr. judged inadequate 부족하다고 여겨지는

137
Q

classic

A

adj. typical, exemplary, model 전형적인, 대표적인 (최고의: best, finest)

138
Q

grossly

A

adv. excessively 지나치게

139
Q

vivid

A

adj. 1. bright, brilliant 선명한

2. graphic, lifelike 생생한

140
Q

artificial

A

adj. synthetic, man-made

141
Q

transplant

A

v. place in another context, remove, relocate 이동시키다

142
Q

camouflage

A

v. hide, disguise, conceal

143
Q

implement

A

n. tool, instrument, appliance (시행하다: execute, enforce)

144
Q

excavate

A

v. dig out, dig up, unearth, disinter 파내다, 발굴하다

145
Q

disgust

A

n. distate, nausea, aversion 혐오감,불쾌감

146
Q

secluded

A

adj. remote, hidden, isolated, solitary 외딴

147
Q

engulf

A

v. swallow (불, 파도) 삼켜버리다

148
Q

chronic

A

adj. persistent, constant, incessant 만성적인ㅂ

149
Q

magnificent

A

adj. superb, gorgeous, beautiful, splendid 굉장히 멋진

150
Q

truism

A

n. self-evident truth, commonplace, cliche

151
Q

accidental

A

adj. unintentional, inadvertent, unintended 우연한

152
Q

invent

A

v. devise, originate 발명하다

153
Q

inherent in

A

phr. characteristic of ~에 내재된

154
Q

expose

A

v. make visible, exhibit, uncover, subject 드러내다, 노출시키다

155
Q

perpetuate

A

v. continue, immortalize, eternize

156
Q

be inclined to

A

phr. tend to

157
Q

illusory

A

adj. misleading, deceptive, delusive 착각을 일으키는

158
Q

heyday

A

n. high point, golden age, prime, florescence

159
Q

proficient

A

adj. skilled, skillful, expert, adapt

160
Q

amply

A

adv. generously, bountifully, lavishly

161
Q

desolate

A

adj. deserted, bleak, dreary (외로운 기분: lonely, solitary)

162
Q

more subtle

A

phr. less noticeable 더 포착하기 힘든

163
Q

disrupt

A

v. interfere with, interrupt, upset 방해하다

164
Q

forerunner

A

n. predecessor, antecedent 선조

165
Q

immediate

A

adj. 1. instant, prompt, on-the-spot 즉각거인

2. nearest, neighboring, adjacent 인접한

166
Q

wield

A

v. exercise, use, handle (권력, 무기) 행사하다

167
Q

crush

A

v. discourage, deflate (희망, 사기) 꺾다

168
Q

manner

A

n. way, fashion, mode 방법, 방식

169
Q

uneasy

A

adj. apprehensive, unstable, disturbed, ill at ease 불안한, 불안정한