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Flashcards in Defense and Coping Mechanism Deck (83):
1

vertical and hierarchical architecture of human consciousness

structural model of the mind

2

belief that significant psychic events take place below the surface in the unconscious mind

structural model of the mind

3

primarily unconscious

id

4

goal is immediate gratification of the drives, otherwise it would create anxiety if not allowed

id

5

both has conscious and unconscious components

superego

6

mediator between the id and superego

ego

7

it is where most people are especially when performing executive functions

ego

8

collection, identification, organization, and interpretation of sensory information to represent and understand the environment

perception

9

acquisition of new, modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values and preferences

learning

10

ego's capacity to distinguish what is occurring in one's own mind from what is occurring in the external world

reality testing

11

single most important ego function

reality testing

12

ability to have logical, coherent, and abstract thoughts

thinking

13

becomes disorganized during stress

thinking

14

ability to understand; action of grasping with the intellect

comprehension

15

experience of feeling or emotion

affect

16

capability of particular individuals to make decisions after careful thought; discernment

judgment

17

conflict between superego and id produces _________

anxiety

18

ego defense is recruited to decrease anxiety. as a consequence, a character trait or symptom is formed and is referred to as ________________

defense mechanism

19

compromise;
can be normal and adaptive

defense mechanism

20

allows expression of impulses in a disguised form

defense mechanism

21

roles of defense mechanism

soften feelings of inadequacy
protect sense of personal worth

22

4 classification of defense mechanism

narcissistic/psychotic
immature
neurotic
mature

23

defenses usually found as part of psychotic processes

narcissistic

24

3 narcissistic defense mechanisms

denial
distortion
projection

25

reality ignored to avoid painful feelings and memories

denial

26

can be adaptive or maladaptive
seeing but not acknowledging what one sees, hears

denial

27

altering one's perception of the environment by replacing reality with a more acceptable version in order to suit the inner needs

distortion

28

devoid of reality

distortion

29

casting out unacceptable thoughts or feelings onto others

projection

30

misinterpreting motives, attitudes, feelings, intentions of others

projection

31

often mobilized by anxieties related to intimacy or its loss

immature defense mechanisms

32

regarded as socially awkward and undesirable

immature defense mechanisms

33

6 immature defense mechanisms

acting out
passive-aggressive behavior
regression
schizoid fantasy
somatization
hypochondriasis

34

performing an extreme behavior in order to express thoughts or feelings the person feels incapable of otherwise expressing

acting out

35

inappropriate, impulsive behaviors

acting out

36

expression of hostile feelings in a non-aggressive or non-confrontational manner

passive-aggressive behavior

37

expressed indirectly and ineffectively through passivity, masochism, and turning against the self

passive-aggressive behavior

38

attempt to go back to an earlier phase of functioning in an attempt to avoid current tension
normal phenomenon

regression

39

retreating into one's private internal world to avoid anxiety brought by interpersonal situations

schizoid fantasy

40

converting emotional pain into physical symptoms and focusing one's attention on somatic rather than intrapsychic concerns

somatization

41

exaggerating or overemphasizing an illness for the purpose of evasion and regression

hypochondriasis

42

unacceptable aggressive impulses toward others is transformed into self-reproach and complaints of pain, somatic illness and neurasthenia

hypochondriasis

43

common in apparently normal and healthy individuals as well as in neurotic disorders

neurotic defense mechanisms

44

7 neurotic defense mechanisms

displacement
intellectualization
rationalization
isolation of affect
reaction formation
repression
sexualization

45

transferring an emotional associated to another where the expression is more permitted, less forbidden and more acceptable

displacement

46

overemphasis on thinking to deal with emotional issues

intellectualization

47

attention is focused on irrelevant details

intellectualization

48

offering rational explanations in an attempt to justify beliefs, attitudes or behaviors or failures that is otherwise unacceptable or intolerable

rationalization

49

separating an idea from its associated emotion

isolation of affect

50

unacceptable wishes are transformed into the complete opposite

reaction formation

51

expelling or excluding unacceptable ideas or impulses or blocking them from entering consciousness

repression

52

situations and people are colored with sexual overtones that were either not there, if present, were subtle

sexualization

53

healthy and adaptive throughout the life cycle
socially adaptive and useful in the integration of personal needs and motives, social demands, and interpersonal relations

mature defense mechanisms

54

not expected from infants and childrens

mature defense mechanisms

55

8 mature defense mechanisms

altruism
anticipation
asceticism
humor
sublimation
suppression
identification
undoing

56

committing oneself to the needs of others over and above one's own needs

altruism

57

can be a source of great achievements and constructive contributions to society

altruism

58

delaying immediate gratification by planning and thinking about future achievements and accomplishments

anticipation

59

attempt to eliminate pleasurable aspects of experiences

asceticism

60

finding something comic in difficult situations to reduce unpleasant affect and personal discomfort

humor

61

channeling of unacceptable impulse, thoughts and emotions into acceptable ones

sublimation

62

conscious decision to delay paying attention to an emotion or need in order to cope with the present reality

suppression

63

internalizing the qualities of another person and becoming like the person

identification

64

attempt to take back an unconscious behavior or thought that is unacceptable or hurtful

undoing

65

3 classes of coping mechanisms

consciously seeking social support
conscious cognitive strategies
adaptive involuntary coping mechanisms

66

classes of coping mechanisms
way in which an individual elicits help from appropriate others

consciously seeking social support

67

classes of coping mechanisms
intentionally used to master stress

conscious cognitive strategies

68

classes of coping mechanisms
distorts perception of internal and external reality in order to reduce subjective distress, anxiety and depression

adaptive involuntary coping mechanisms

69

7 levels of involuntary coping mechanisms

defensive deregulation level
action
major image distorting
disavowal
minor image distorting
mental inhibitions
high adaptive

70

failure of defensive regulation to contain the individual's reaction to stressors, leading to a pronounced break with objective reality

defensive deregulation level

71

delusional projection
psychotic denial of external reality
psychotic distortion

defensive deregulation

72

defensive functioning that deals with stressors by action or withdrawal

action level

73

gross distortion or misattribution of the image of self of others

major image distorting level

74

autistic fantasy
splitting of self-image

major image distorting level

75

acting out
passive aggression
apathetic withdrawal
help-rejecting complaining

action level

76

keeping unpleasant or unacceptable stressors, impulses, ideas, affects or responsibility out of awareness with or without a misattribution of these to external causes

disavowal level

77

denial
projection
rationalization

disavowal level

78

distortions in the image of the self, body, or others that may be employed to regulate self-esteem

minor image distorting

79

devaluation
idealization
omnipotence

minor image distorting level

80

compromise formation
keeps potentially threatening ideas, feelings, memories, wishes, or fears out of awareness

mental inhibition level

81

displacement
reaction formation
dissociation
repression
intellectualization
undoing
isolation of affect

mental inhibition level

82

results in optimal adaptation in the handling of stressors
usually maximize gratification and allow the conscious awareness of feelings, ideas, and their consequences
promote an optimum balance among conflicting motives

high adaptive level

83

anticipation
self-assertion
affiliation
self-observation
altruism
sublimation
humor
suppression

high adaptive level