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Flashcards in Ethics in Health Care Deck (59)
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1

principles, rules, guidelines, laws, codes attempting to find out what is the right thing to do

ethics

2

discipline that examines one's moral standards or standards of the society

ethics

3

standards that an individual or group has about what is right and rong, good or bad

morality

4

deals with matters that we think can seriously injure or seriously benefit humans
based on impartial considerations

moral standards

5

focus: me
punishment, reward, reciprocity

pre-conventional stage

6

moral development
stage 1

reward and punishment

7

Heinz shouldn't steal because he will get caught

stage 1
reward and punishment

8

moral development
stage 2
sense of empathy

individualism and exchange

9

Heinz should steal because that's his wife's life at stake

stage 2
individualism and exchange

10

focus: group/others
familiar society
loyalty to the group is important to the point of sacrificing own self

conventional stage

11

moral development
stage 3
earn approval by being nice or having good intentions

interpersonal concordance

12

it is ok for Heinz to steal the drug because he was trying to save his wife's life

stage 3
interpersonal concordance

13

moral development
stage 4
rules that are needed for the good of all/most

law and order

14

i recognize Heinz motive was good but I don't think he should steal because if everyone who needed something just stole it, then there would be chaos

stage 4
law and order

15

global perspective
examines values and norms of his/her group
redefines in tems of self-chosen moral principles such as justice

post-conventional stage

16

aware that people in a society hold conflicting views
believes all values and norms are relative and should be tolerated
emphasizes fair ways for reaching a consensus through democratic means

stage 5
social contract and individual rights

17

while i don' agree with Heinz's decision to steal, i do believe the wife's right to life takes precedence over the druggist's property rights

stage 5
social contract and individual rights

18

commitment to the universal principles of equal rights, social justice and respect for basic dignity

stage 6
universal principles

19

i suggest that Heinz, the wife, and the pharmacist act out each other's roles so that the pharmacist may see the wife's right to life has a higher value than the right to property.

stage 6
universal principles

20

proponent of the anatomy of an ethical decision

manuel velasquez

21

5 ethical frameworks

utilitarianism
Kantian ethics
virtue ethics
ethics of care
christian ethics

22

actions and politics reevaluated based on benefits and costs they will impose on society

utilitarianism

23

merits of utilitarianism

simple
intuitive
impartial
efficient

24

true/flase
in utilitaranism, the end justifies the means

true

25

principles of the categorical imperative

principle of universality
principle of humanity

26

applied to anybody

universality

27

what if everybody did that? how would you like it if he did that to you?

reversability

28

never use humans as a means to an end point but as an end

humanity

29

derived from rationality
ethics of duty

Kantian ethics

30

categorical imperative can be safely prescribed as a law for everyone

Kantian ethics