Defense and Coping Mechanisms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Defense and Coping Mechanisms Deck (49):
1

Goal is immediate gratification of drives; unconscious

Id

2

Conscious and unconscious components

Superego

3

Mediator between the person and the reality

Ego

4

Acquisition of new knowledge

Learning

5

Collection, identification, organization and interpretation of sensory information to understand the environment

Perception

6

Capacity to distinguish what is occuring in one's mind from external world; most important

Reality Testing

7

Ability to have logical, coherent and abstract thoughts

Thinking

8

Ability to understand

Comprehension

9

Experience of feeling or emotion

Affect

10

Capability of making decisions, discernment

Judgment

11

The Genesis of Defense Mechanisms (7)

Id seeks to satisfy > Superego contradicts > Anxiety > Ego recruited > Compromise > Defense Mechanism > Character trait is formed

12

What are the four classifications of defense mechanisms?

Narcissistic (psychotic), immature, neurotic, mature

13

A defense mechanism found as part of psychotic processes, projection of emotions

Narcissistic

14

Seeing but not acknowledging what one sees, denied reality is replaced by fantasy or delusion to avoid painful feelings and emotions

Denial

15

Replacing reality with a more acceptable version to suit inner needs

Distortion

16

Casting out unacceptable thoughts or feelings onto others

Projection

17

A defense mechanism mobilized by anxieities related to intimacy or its loss; can be improved

Immature

18

Retreating into one's private internal world; compensatory relationship in the fantasy

Schizoid Fantasy

19

Expression of hostile feelings in a non-aggressive or non-confrontational manner

Passive-Aggressive

20

Exaggerating or overemphasizing an illness for the purpose of evasion and regression

Hypochondriasis

21

Extreme, inappropriate and impulsive behavior

Acting Out

22

Go back to an earlier phase of functioning to avoid situation

Regression

23

Converting emotional pain into physical symptoms

Somatization

24

Function in alleviation of distressing affects, common in apparently normal and healthy individuals

Neurotic

25

Attention focused on irrelevant details, thinking to deal with emotional issues

Intellectualization

26

Situations and people colored with sexual overtones that were not present

Sexualization

27

Expelling unacceptable ideas from entering consciousness

Repression

28

Separating an idea from its associated emotion

Isolation of Affect

29

Transferring an emotion associated to another where expression is more permitted, less forbidden

Displacement

30

Unacceptable wishes are transformed into the complete opposite

Reaction Formation

31

Attempt to justify behaviors that are unacceptable

Intellectualization

32

Socially adaptive and useful integration of personal needs and motives

Mature

33

Delaying of immediate gratification by planning and thinking about future achievements

Anticipation

34

Committing oneself to the needs of others over and above one's own needs

Altruism

35

Take back an unconscious behavior or thought that is unacceptable or hurtful

Undoing

36

Delay paying attention to an emotion or need to cope with present reality

Suppression

37

Internalizing the qualities of another person and becoming like the person

Identification

38

Channeling of unacceptable impulse into acceptable ones

Sublimation

39

Finding something comic in difficult situations to reduce unpleasant affect and personal discomfort

Humor

40

Eliminate pleasurable aspects of experiences

Asceticism

41

3 Classes of Coping Mechanisms

Consciously seeking social support
Conscious cognitive strategies
Adaptive involuntary coping mechanisms

42

7 Involuntary Coping Mechanisms

Defensive Deregulation
Action
Major Image Distortion
Avowal
Minor Image Distortion
Mental Inhibition
High Adaptive Level

43

Distortions in the image of self employed to regulate self-esteem

Minor Image Distortion

44

Compromise function; keep potentially threatening out of awareness

Mental Inhibtion Level

45

Promote an optimum balance; maximizes gratification

High Adaptive Level

46

Dealing by action or withdrawal

Action Level

47

Pronounced break with objective reality

Defensive Deregulation

48

Keeping unpleasant or unacceptable stressors, impulses, ideas, affects out of awareness without misattribution

Disavowal

49

Gross distortion or misattribution of the image of self or others

Major Image Distorting Level