Flashcards in Ethics in Health Care Deck (47):
Discipline that examines one's moral standards or standards of society
Standards that one has about what is right and wrong, good or bad
Not established or changed by decision of particular authoritative bodies; preferred to other values; impartial
Who formulated the Stages of Theory of Moral Reasoning?
What was the dilemma presented in the Theory of Moral Reasoning?
Focus of pre-conventional stage
Focus of conventional stage
Focus of post-conventional stage
Respecting others and the rules that are needed for the good of all
Law and Order
Please others and earn their approval
Feeling a sense of empathy
Individualism and Exchange
First stage in the Theory of Moral Reasoning
Reward and Punishment
Where ethical reasoning happens
A commitment to the universal principles
Universal principles (3)
Equality for all, social justice, respect for human dignity
Recognizes that all values and norms are relative, and that there are fair ways for reaching a consensus
Social contract and individual rights
Who came up with the Anatomy of an Ethical Decision?
What is the Anatomy of an Ethical Decision (5)
Moral standards > Gather information > Moral judgment > Choose a course of action > Communicate Well
Benefits and costs in consideration of the bigger group; greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
Also known as the Categorical Imperative framework
It can be safely prescribed as a law for everyone
The 2 Principles of Kantian Ethics
Golden Rule: "What if everybody did that?"
Applied to anybody because they will agree with it
Also known as the ethics of duty and rationality
Characteristics which make a person the best he/she could be
An action is right if it is what a virtuous person would do
Proponents of Virtue Ethics
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Self actualization will bring about _____________
Authentic happiness (eudaimonia)
Emphasis on what can be done to produce the sort of character that instinctively does the right thing to do (habit, journey)
Ethics of Care
Proponent of the Ethics of Care
True or False: Ethics of Care forces us to focus on the moral value of being impartial
Recognition of the existence of a supernatural being, whose existence is a fact
Self actualization is not an end of Christian Ethics, but is a ___________.
Who was the proponent of the Hedonic Calculus?
What are the variables measured to calculate utility?
What are the four principles of ethics?
Respect for autonomy
Requires intentionality regarding actions that can cause or risk harm
Puts premium on benefits and happiness
Acting in such a way that enables another person to act fully in accordance with self-chosen plan
Respect for autonomy
Autonomy is present if person has
Ought to give what is due a person
Angeles Model of Ethical Reasoning (7)
Look at alternatives
Make a decision
Matrix of comparing values
Litmus test in making decision