Human Development and Life Cycle Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Human Development and Life Cycle Deck (35):
1

Emphasis on the primacy of human experience as shapers of behavior and wiring of the human brain

Psychodynamic Model

2

Transferring of past feelings, experiences and memories to the present

Transference

3

Who theorized the Biopsychosocial Model?

George Engel

4

Something wrong with the body

Disease

5

Something wrong with the mind

Disorder

6

The optimal environment for growth and development

Material needs, protection from danger, 3As, 2Ds, new experiences

7

3A

Approval, Acceptance, Affection

8

2D

Demand, Discipline

9

Who developed the 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development?

Erik Erickson

10

Enumerate the stages (Freud and Erickson)

1) Infancy - Oral - Trust vs Mistrust
2) Toddler - Anal - Autonomy vs Shame
3) Preschool - Phallic - Initiative vs Guilt
4) School Age - Latency - Industry vs Inferiority
5) Adolescence - Adolescence - Identity vs Role Diffusion
6) Early Adult - Early Adult - Intimacy vs Isolation
7) Middle Age - Middle Age - Generativity vs Stagnation
8) Senescence - Old Age - Integrity vs. Despair

11

Provides psychological comfort especially when she is away from primary caregiver

Transitional Objects

12

Causal relationships between thoughts/actions and events

Magical Thinking

13

Biologically determined tendency of a young child to seek proximity to the parent during times of stress; re-establishes sense of well-being

Attachment Theory

14

Who developed the Attachment Development Theory?

Bowlby

15

At what stage is the Oedipal Complex experienced?

Phallic (preschool)

16

Normal resolution for the Oedipal Complex

Identification

17

What are the outcomes of the Oedipal Complex?

Superego formation, gender role and repression

18

Stage of remarkable moral growth: development of superego and conscience

Latency

19

Emergent life phase

Adolescence

20

Awkward period between the onset of sexual maturation and attaining adult status

Adolescence

21

Psychological changes experienced in adolescence

Adolescence

22

Hormonal changes ascribed to biological and physical changes

Puberty

23

Puberty results from the activation of ____________

Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis

24

Gray matter growth spurt in the frontal lobe

Synaptic Pruning

25

Responsible for the executive functions; among the last connections in the brain to be established

Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

26

Addictions get started in adolescence due to the centers of pleasure found in the midbrain reward system. What are these centers?

Dopamine centers

27

Stage where identity is built

Middle adolescence

28

A staged characterized by more comfortable patterns of behavior, coping and intimacy

Late adolescence

29

It is the stage of the peak of biological development

Early adulthood

30

Prime of one's life and career

Middle Adulthood

31

Two primary fidelity and commitment conflicts encountered in middle adulthood

Marital crisis, empty nest syndrome

32

Reflect neurobiological, cognitive and emotional development in the second half of life

Human Potential Phases

33

Stage characterized by recapitulating, contribution and internal drive for reflection and spiritual connection

Late Adulthood

34

Sets the upper limit of human life

Genetic Programming (wear-and-tear)

35

Set biological clocks, protect chromosomes

Telomeres