Defense Mechanisms Flashcards Preview

B&B Exam 2 > Defense Mechanisms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Defense Mechanisms Deck (28):
1

Performing an extreme behavior in order to express thoughts or feelings the person is incapable of otherwise expressing
Behavior acts as a pressure release and often helps the person feel calmer and peaceful
Self-injury may allow expression in physical pain of what one cannot stand to feel emotionally

acting out

2

Tendency to see in the external world or people aspects of one’s own personality, feelings, or impulses- often those that are perceived as negative
May be accurate or inaccurate and might lead to significant misunderstandings

externalization

3

Channeling of unacceptable or unattainable desires into imagination
Escaping mundane or distressing reality by exploring alternative but unrealistic situations
Can lead to losing touch with reality and prevent viable actions to improve the situation

fantasy

4

Creation of an ideal impression of a person, place, or object by emphasizing their positive qualities and neglecting those that are negative
Adjusting the way in which the world is perceived can lead to poor judgement

idealization

5

Belief that the source of everything that happens is oneself
Lack of recognition of the separate existence of others with a will different from one’s own
Might affect formation of realistic causal relationships

omnipotent control

6

Energy remaining after a display of unacceptable aggression is suppressed is released as being uncooperative, or ignoring others

passive aggression

7

Misattribution of a person’s undesired thoughts, feelings, or impulses onto another person who does not have those thoughts, feelings or impulses
Used when thoughts are considered unacceptable for the person to express
Results from lack of insight and acknowledgment of one’s own motivations and feelings

projection

8

Identifying with impulses projected onto oneself by another
Experience of unacceptable impulses transferred to one individual from another

projective identification

9

Representing conflicts as physical symptoms

somatization

10

Refusal to accept reality or fact
Acting as if a painful event, thought, or feeling did not exist
Characteristic of early childhood development

denial

11

Gross reshaping of external reality to meet internal needs

distortion

12

Ego attempts to reconcile multiple aspects or rationales but resorts to understanding the world in black and white terms
Taking the either-or approach when evaluating the world
Good versus bad approach in relationships

splitting

13

Redirection of thoughts, feelings, and impulses directed at one person or object but taken out on another person or object
Used when feelings cannot be expressed safely to the person they are directed at
Feelings are expressed but their misapplication often causes additional problems

displacement

14

Loss of time and/or person (usual thought processes and memories)
Finding another representation of self in order to continue in the moment
Disconnected view of oneself in the world, living in a different world that is not affected by thoughts, feelings, or memories that are unbearable
Associated with childhood abuse

dissociation

15

Transformation of negative feelings towards others into negative feelings toward self, pain, illness, and anxiety

hypochondriasis

16

Overemphasis on thinking when confronted with an unacceptable impulse, situation, or behavior without employing any emotions to help mediate and contextualize the thoughts
Employed to distance oneself from the impulse, events, or behavior

intellectualization

17

Separating ideas or feelings from other thoughts
Attempt to protect the ego from anxiety caused by a specific situation

isolation

18

Offering an alternative explanation for one’s perceptions or behaviors in the face of a changing reality

rationalization

19

Conversion of unwanted or dangerous thoughts, feelings, or impulses into their opposites
Incapability of expressing the negative emotions leads to expression of positive emotions in their stead

reaction formation

20

Reversion to an earlier stage of development in the face of unacceptable thoughts or impulses

regression

21

Attempt to take back an unconscious behavior or thought that is unacceptable or hurtful
Attempt to counteract previous damage in the hope that the two actions will balance one another

undoing

22

Act of goodwill towards another person can be used as a way of diffusing a potentially anxious situation
Helping a person an individual does not particularly like, neutralizing an argument with positivity

altruism

23

Planning for/rehearsing possible outcomes of a stressful event in one’s mind or telling oneself that it will not be as bad as imagined

anticipation

24

Channeling of unacceptable impulses or thoughts into a light-hearted story or joke
Reduces the intensity of a situation and places a cushion of laughter between the person and the impulses

humor

25

Adoption of social norms and attitudes of others from whom one seeks acceptance in order to avoid rejection

identification

26

Adoption of environmental stimuli and conversion of stimuli into one’s own ideas
Internalizing criticism, religious ideas, political opinions, mannerisms

introjection

27

Channeling of unacceptable impulses, thoughts, and emotions into more acceptable ones
Refocusing an unacceptable or harmful impulse into a productive one helps channel energy that otherwise would be lost or used in a manner that might cause more anxiety

sublimation

28

Occurs consciously, one might be entirely aware of attempts not to think about a memory or feeling
Attempt to preoccupy oneself with other unrelated thoughts or tasks

supression