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Flashcards in Dermatology Deck (54):
1

Susie
Can
Exercise
Until
She
Fumes
Secondary lesions acronym

Scale
Crust
Excoriation
Ulcer
Scare
Fizzure

2

What is a flat spot or discoloration of skin such as a freckle?

Macule

3

What is a lesion?

Any mark wound or abnormality found in the skin due to disease or damage

4

A small solid elevated lesion

Papu le

5

what is a pustule

Inflamed papule containing which or yellow liquid or pus

6

Itchy swollen lesion found within the epidermis causing irregular elevation that may be red or pale such as an insect bite

Wheal

7

A solid and elevated lesion that is larger than a papule

Tubercle

8

A large nodule

Tumor

9

A small blister containing fluid such as a cold sore

Vesicle

10

A large blister such as a sun blister

Bulla

11

Flaky skin cells

Scale

12

Mixture of dead skin cells and dry blood

Crust

13

What is excoriation?

A wound created by scratching or scraping - a light cut

14

An open depressed lesion in the skin that may contain pus

Ulcer

15

Can an ulcer be worked on?

Sometimes it depends on the severity

16

Hardened discolored mark on the skin that forms after a wound has healed

Scar

17

A crack in the skin that may penetrate into the dermis

Fissure

18

What is a vascular lesion?

Tertiary lesions

19

What is Rosacea an example of?

A tertiary lesion

20

What is an open comedone?

A blackhead

21

What is a whitehead?

A closed comedone

22

Closed abnormally developed sac containing fluid infection or other debris

Cyst and nodule

23

What grade acne contains no pustules and has minor breakouts?

Grade 1

24

Grade 2 acne is what?

Many closed comedones
More open comedones
Some papule and pustules

25

More red and inflamed - have many open and closed comedones papules and pustules acne- what grade?

Grade 3

26

Most severe level of acne with cysts and nodules open and closed comedones papules and pustules

Grade 4

27

What are causes of acne

Genetics
Clogged hair follicles
Bacteria
Triggers

28

What are some acne triggers

Hormones
Stress
Cosmetics
Skin care products
Foods

29

Miss
Polly
Pocket
Wears
Tight
Tiny
Vickies
Bras
Acronym for primary lesions

Macule
Papule
Pustule
Wheal
Tubercle
Tumor
Vesicle
Bulla

30

A sebum filled fatty mass found within a sebaceous gland

Known as a sebaceous cyst

Steatoma

31

Appears as a soft skin tone or yellowish donut shaped lesion

Sebaceous hyperplasia

32

Extreme dryness of the skin

Asteatosis

33

An inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous gland that causes red scaly flaky and itchy skin

Seborrheic dermatitis

34

Caused by excessive sebum production on the head

Seborrheic dermatitis

35

Dermatitis

Inflammatory condition of the skin that consists of eczema vesicles and or papules

36

Reaction caused by physical contact to a substance

Contact dermatitis

37

What is psoriasis

Autoimmune disease that affects the keratinization process

38

Chronic redness found on the cheeks and bridge of nose

Butterfly rash

Malar rash

39

Soft vascular nodule

Hemangioma

40

What is erythrasma?

Bacterial infection that causes reddish brown scaly patches
Typically found in the underarm groin and folds of the skin
Don't wax

41

Pre cancerous lesion caused by sun exposure
Appears as red brown scaly or crusted lesions

Actinic keratiosis

42

Most common and least severe form of skin cancer
Appears as reddish patches or smooth elevated pearly white lesions

Basal cell carcinoma

43

More serious than basal cell carcinoma
Can be open or crusted sores that do not heal
Caused by UV radiation, toxic chemicals and genetics

Squamous cell carcinoma

44

Malignant melanoma

Most serious form of skin cancer
Becomes systemic and not always found on sun exposed areas

45

Reaction to substances that are breathed in or ingested

Atopic dermatitis

46

Contact dermatitis

Reaction caused by physical contact to a substance
Such as wearing nickle free earrings

47

Caused by excessive sebum production
On the head

Seborrheic dermatitis

48

Also know as dilated capillaries

Telangiectasia

49

Blocked hair follicles cause redness and bumpiness most common on backs and arms

Keratosis Pilaris

50

Also known as a callus or corn

Keratoma

51

Had many closed comedones more open comedones and occasional papules/pustules

Need treatments to heal the skin

Grade II acne

52

There are no pustules in this level of acne

Grade I

53

A asymmetry
B border
C color
D diameter
E evolving

Abcde's of melanoma detection

54

Appears as reddish patches or smooth elevated pearly white lesions
1st category of skin cancer

Basal cell carcinoma