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Flashcards in Skeletal System Deck (35):
1

What are the 6 functions of the skeletal system

Structure/support
Protection
Assists with movement
Mineral storage
Production of blood cells
Storage of energy

2

What does the skeletal system do?

Provide physical framework for the body, supports soft tissues, and acts as an attachment site for muscles

3

What does the rib cage do?

Protection: Protects internal organs from injury

4

Bones do what?

Act as levers to aid in movement
Bones are used as attachment sites for muscles

5

What are the components of the skeletal system

Cartilage
Ligaments
Joints
Bones

6

A flexible and strong connective tissue primarily made up of collagen, elastin and ground substance

Cartilage

7

Bone tissue stores excess of what minerals?

Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus

8

Lipids are stored energy where?

Yellow bone marrow

9

The form of bone tissue is called?

Ossification

10

What are joints?

Made up of cartilage and ligaments-joints are the connection place between bones where movement occurs

11

Fibrous connective tissue that connects bone to bone

Ligaments

12

Hard and rigid form of connective tissue that makes up most of the skeleton

Bone

13

What are the 4 bone cells?

Osteoprogenitor
Osteoblast
Osteocyte
Osteoclast

14

Immature bone cell that will develop into an osteoblast

Osteoprogenitor

15

Bone cells that build up new bone tissue

Osteoblast

16

Mature bone cell that is responsible for regulating the amount of calcium that is found within the bone tissue

Osteocyte

17

The bone cells that breaking down and clean up mature or damaged bone tissue

Osteoclast

18

What are the types of bone tissue

Compact bone
Spongy bone

19

Is a hard dense tissue found on the outer portions of the bone

Compact bone

20

Also known as the cortical bone

Compact bone

21

How many bones are in the human body

206

22

What are the two types of spongy bone

Red bone marrow
Yellow bone marrow

23

The study of function, structure disease and treatment of the skeletal system

Osteology

24

Epiphysis

The ends of a long bone

25

The shaft of a long bone

Diaphysis

26

Type of connective tissue found at the ends of the bone that reduce friction

Articular cartilage

27

Fascial membrane that covers the outside of compact bone

Periosteum

28

The space where spongy bone can be found

Medullary cavity

29

Fascial membrane that separates the medullary cavity from the compact bone

Endosteum

30

Cranial bones
Facial bones
Sacrum
Hyoid bone
Sternum
Ribs
Thoracic vertebrae
Cervical vertebrae
Lumbar vertebrae
Coccyx

Axial skeleton

31

Clavicle
Scapula
Humerus
Ulna
Radius
Carpals
Metacarpals
Pelvis
Femur
Tibia
Fibula
Tarsal
Metatarsal
Phalanges

Appendicular skeleton

32

Fused together by sutures joints

Sutural

33

Hard and rigid form of connective tissue

Sesamoid

34

What bones make up the pelvis

Illium
Ischium
Pubis

35

Long-humerous bone
Short-carpals bone
Flat-pelvis
Irregular-vertebrae
Sesamoid-patella
Sutural- skull

The 6 different bone shapes and an example for each