Development Dynamics Flashcards Preview

*Edexcel GCSE Geography B* > Development Dynamics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Development Dynamics Deck (83)
Loading flashcards...
1

Name an economic development indicator

- GDP or PPP
- Poverty line
- Clarke Fisher model
- GNI

2

Name a social development indicator

- HDI
- Gender inequality index
- Literacy rates

3

What is PPP?

Purchasing power parity measures what $1 can buy you in certain countries. For example, you can buy more for $1 in Malawi than in the UK.

4

What is GDP?

Gross domestic product (per capita) measures economic development.

4

What is GNI?

Gross national income (per capita) measures national wealth and includes the debt a country is in

6

What is the HDI?

The human development index is a number between 0 and 1 which is affected by four factors:
- Life Expectancy
- Education (Literacy)
- Education (Average length of schooling)
- GDP per capita (Using purchasing power parity)

7

What is the Gini Coefficient?

A measurement of the extent of inequality and income distribution. This is between 1 and 0 where 0 would mean that everybody earns the same amount of money and 1 would mean that a single person had all of the income.

8

What is the Corruption Perceptions Index?

Devised to help investors know where their money is safe, it’s a rank between 0 (very corrupt) to 10 (honest).

9

What is birth rate?

Number of live births per 1000 people per year.

10

What is death rate?

Number of deaths per 1000 people per year.

11

What is dependency ratio?

The ratio of dependent people in the country to the number of workers. The higher the ratio, the more dependent people.

(Total number of people aged younger than 14 and older than 65 divided by the number of 15-64 year olds, multiplied by 100.)

12

What is fertility rate?

Average number of births per woman.

13

What is infant mortality?

Number of children per 1000 live births who die before their first birthday.

14

What is life expectancy?

The average number of years a person can expect to live.

15

What is maternal mortality rate?

Number of mothers per 100,000 people who die in children.

16

What is an NIC?

Newly industrialising country

17

What is the Brandt line?

The 1980 line which divides the rich and poor countries geographically. Except Australia and New Zealand primarily, the richest countries are in the Northern Hemisphere.

18

What is an RIC?

Recently industrialised country

19

Name the Asian Tigers (NICs)

Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan
1960s - 1990s

20

What is a HIC?

High income country

21

What is an LIC?

Low income country

21

Who are the BRICS?

Brazil, Russia, India and China (2001)
South Africa was added later

22

Name the Tiger Cub economies

Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand
1990s - present

22

Name the MINT economies

Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, Turkey
2014 - present

23

Name one economic consequence of poverty

1/5 people live on lest than $1 a day

23

What are the reasons for global inequality?

Physical- access to sea for trade
Historical- a history of colonialism means development occurred later. Neo- colonialism happens today with cash crops
Political- open economies develop faster as they encourage foreign investment
Social- access to education and healthcare

25

Name one environmental consequence of poverty

Poor farming leads to environmental degradation

26

Name one political consequence of poverty

Many developing countries have non- democratic governments making it difficult for minority’s groups

28

Main reasons that Malawi is so underdeveloped?

- Landlocked
- Rural Isolation
- Changing Climate
- Increased Pollution

28

Name one social consequence of poverty

775 million people in developing countries can’t read or write