Developmental Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Developmental Psychology Deck (102)
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1

Devised the "strange situation" to study attachment

Mary Ainsworth

2

Studied the relationship between parental style and aggression

Diana Baumrind

3

Studied attachment in human children

John Bowlby

4

Linguist who studied that children have an innate capacity for language acquisition

Noam Chomsky

5

Outlined 8 stages of psychosocial development covering the entire lifespan

Erik Erikson

6

Outlined 5 stages of psychosexual development; stressed the importance of the Oedipal conflict in psychosexual development

Sigmund Freud

7

Believed that development was due primarily to maturation

Arnold Gesell

8

Suggested that males and females have different orientations toward morality

Carol Gilligan

9

The founder of developmental psychology

G. Stanley Hall

10

Used monkeys and "surrogate mothers" to study the role of contact comfort in bond formation

Harry Harlow

11

Studied moral development using moral dilemmas

Lawrence Kohlberg

12

British philosopher who suggested that infants had now predetermined tendencies, that they were blank slates (tabulas rasa) to be written on by experience

John Locke

13

Studied imprinting in birds

Konrad Lorenz

14

Outlined 4 stages of cognitive development

Jean Piaget

15

French philosopher who studied that development could unfold without help from society

Jean Jacques Rousseau

16

Performed longitudinal study on gifted children

Lewis Terman

17

Studied the genetic basis of maze-running ability in rats

R. C. Tryon

18

Studied cognitive development; stressed the importance of the zone of proximal development

Lev Vygotsky

19

Compare groups of subjects at different ages

Cross-sectional studies

20

Compare a specific group of people over an extended period of time

Longitudinal studies

21

Combine cross-sectional and longitudinal research methods

Sequential cohort studies

22

Austrian monk who observed the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants and hypothesized the existence of the basic unit of heredity

Gregor Mendel

23

Basic unit of heredity

gene

24

One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome

allele

25

Total genetic complement (genetic makeup) of an individual

genotype

26

Total collection of expressed traits that is the individual's observable characteristics

phenotype

27

Another name for identical twins; share 100% of genes

Monozygotic (MZ)

28

Another name for fraternal twins; share 50% of genes

Dizygotic (DZ)

29

A form of severe mental retardation that results from an extra 21st chromosome

Down's syndrome

30

A genetic defect in which the child lacks the enzyme needed to digest phenylalanine; can be controlled with a strict diet

Phenylketonuria (PKU)