Devices, Equipment, Gait deviations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Devices, Equipment, Gait deviations Deck (28):
1

What are the reasons for lateral trunk bending during stance?

weak glut med - bend toward weak side
pain in hip

2

What are the reasons for backward trunk lean during stance?

weak glut max
difficulty going up stairs/ramps

3

What are the reasons for forward trunk lean during stance?

weak quads
hip and knee flexion contracture

4

What are the reasons for excessive hip flexion during stance?

weak hip extensors
tight hip/knee flexors

5

What are the reasons for limited hip extension during stance?

tight or spastic hip flexors

6

What are the reasons for limited hip flexion during stance?

tight or spastic hip extensors

7

What does an altalgic/painful gait characteristic of?

stance time shrotened on painful side
step length shortened on non-painful side

8

What are the reasons for excessive knee flexion during stance?

weak quads
knee flexor contracture
difficutly going down stairs/ramps

9

What are the reasons for knee hyperextension during stance?

weak quads
PF contracture
extensor spasticity

10

What are the reasons for toes first/contact before heel?

weak DF
spastic or tight PF
shortened leg, painful heel, positive support reflex

11

What are the reasons for foot slap?

weak DF or hypotonia

12

What are the reasons for foot flat / entire foot contacting ground during stance?

weak DF, limited ROM, immature gait in toddlers

13

What are the reasons for excessive DF (calcaneus gait)?

weak PF

14

What are the reasons for excessive PF (equiuns gait)?

spasticity or contracture of PF
poor eccentric contraction and advancement of tibia

15

What are the reasons for supination during stance?

spastic invertors
weak evertors
pes varus
genu varum

16

What are the reasons for pronation during stance?

weak invertors
spasticity
pes valgus
genu valgum

17

What are the reasons for toe clawing during stance?

spastic toe flexors
hyperactive plantar grasp reflex
poor balance

18

What are the reasons for inadequate push off?

weak PF
decreased ROM
pain in forefoot

19

What are the reasons for insufficient forward pelvic rotation during swing?

weak abdominals
weak flexors

20

What are the reasons for insufficeint hip and knee flexion?

weak hip and knee flexors
inability to lift leg and move it forward

21

What are the reasons for circumduction?

weak hip and knee flexors

22

What are the reasons for hip hiking?

weak hip and knee flexors
extensor spasticity

23

What are the reasons for excessive hip and knee flexion / high stepping?

weak DF

24

What are the reasons for insufficient knee flexion during swing?

extensor spasticity
pain/decreased ROM
weak HS

25

What are the reasons for excessive knee flexion during swing?

flexor spasticity
flexor withdrawal reflex

26

What are the reasons for foot drop/equinus gait during swing?

weak or delayed contraction of DF
spastic PF

27

What are the reasons for varus or iinverted foot during swing?

spastic iinvertors (ant tib)
weak peroneals
abnormal synergistic pattern

28

What are the reasons for equinovarus during swing?

spasticity of pot tib and/ot gastrocsoleus
abnormal development