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Flashcards in Diabetes type 1 Deck (81)
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1

What level of fasting glucose is needed to diagnose diabetes?

>7.0 mmol/L

2

What random glucose levels are required to diagnose diabetes?

>11.1 mmol/L

3

True or Fale
DKA is more common in type 2 diabetics

False.
DKA is only present in type 1

4

What can be seen on histology of an islet in type 1?

Lymphocytes

5

What are ICA?

Islet cell antibodies

6

What infection can be present in those with type 1?

Candiasis

7

What is balanitis?

Inflammation of the head of the penis

8

What is the only treatment for type 1?

Insulin (basally and bolus)

9

What is the ideal HbA1c range?

Below 59 mmol/L

10

What is studied at annual review?

Weight
BP
Bloods- HbA1c, renal, lipids
Retinal screening
foot exam

11

True or False
There is often ketonuria in type 2

False.
Present in type 1

12

What are children under the age of 6 diagnosed with, rather than type 1?

Monogenic diabetes

13

What is type 1.5 diabetes?

Latent onset diabetes of adulthood.
LADA
This is type 1 diabetes.

14

What is LADA?

Elevated levels of pancreatic auto-bodies in patients who do not require insulin

15

When is LADA suspected?

Young males
Non-obese
Auto-antibodies +ve
Other autoimmune conditions

16

True or False
Diabetes is common in cystic fibrosis.

True

17

What are the symptoms of Wolfram syndrome?

Diabetes insipidus
DM
optic atrophy
deafness
neurological abnormalities

18

What acronym can be used for Wolfram syndrome?

DIDMOAD

19

What causes Wolfram syndrome?

Genetic default in the wolfram gene which is present in the pancreas, inner ear and brain

20

What are the symptoms for Bardet-Biedl syndrome?

Obese
Polydactyly
Hypogonadal
Visually/audally impaired
Mental retarded
Diabetes

21

What makes Bardet-Biedl syndrome more likely?

Parents who are related.
(Consanguineous)

22

In what types of diabetes are antibodies negative?

MODY
Type 2

23

Which autoimmune conditions are related to diabetes?

thyroid disease
coeliac
Pernicious anaemia
Addisons

24

How common is it to have coeliac disease in type 1?

1:20
Compared to 1% in population

25

What antibody is present in coeliac disease?

Anti TTG

26

What antibodies are present in diabetes type 1?

Anti-GAD
Anti islet

27

What other GP available tests can be done to exclude diabetes 2?

C peptide

28

What kind of tumour can cause diabetes?

Glucagonoma

29

Which drugs can induce diabetes?

Glucocorticoids
B blockers
Diuretics

30

What does HbA1c measure?

Control of glucose over the past few months