Flashcards in Diabetes type 1 Deck (81)
What level of fasting glucose is needed to diagnose diabetes?
What random glucose levels are required to diagnose diabetes?
True or Fale
DKA is more common in type 2 diabetics
DKA is only present in type 1
What can be seen on histology of an islet in type 1?
What are ICA?
Islet cell antibodies
What infection can be present in those with type 1?
What is balanitis?
Inflammation of the head of the penis
What is the only treatment for type 1?
Insulin (basally and bolus)
What is the ideal HbA1c range?
Below 59 mmol/L
What is studied at annual review?
Bloods- HbA1c, renal, lipids
True or False
There is often ketonuria in type 2
Present in type 1
What are children under the age of 6 diagnosed with, rather than type 1?
What is type 1.5 diabetes?
Latent onset diabetes of adulthood.
This is type 1 diabetes.
What is LADA?
Elevated levels of pancreatic auto-bodies in patients who do not require insulin
When is LADA suspected?
Other autoimmune conditions
True or False
Diabetes is common in cystic fibrosis.
What are the symptoms of Wolfram syndrome?
What acronym can be used for Wolfram syndrome?
What causes Wolfram syndrome?
Genetic default in the wolfram gene which is present in the pancreas, inner ear and brain
What are the symptoms for Bardet-Biedl syndrome?
What makes Bardet-Biedl syndrome more likely?
Parents who are related.
In what types of diabetes are antibodies negative?
Which autoimmune conditions are related to diabetes?
How common is it to have coeliac disease in type 1?
Compared to 1% in population
What antibody is present in coeliac disease?
What antibodies are present in diabetes type 1?
What other GP available tests can be done to exclude diabetes 2?
What kind of tumour can cause diabetes?
Which drugs can induce diabetes?