Diagnostic Approach to Dyspnea Flashcards Preview

Pulmonary Week 3 > Diagnostic Approach to Dyspnea > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diagnostic Approach to Dyspnea Deck (13):
1

What abdominal bases pathologies/circumstances can cause orthopnea?

-pregnancy
-ascites

2

T or F. In CHF, PND progresses to orthopnea

T.

3

Things that cause PND

-CHF
-Asthma
-Obstructive Sleep Apnea
-GERD

4

What is Platypnea?

becoming SOB upon standing

5

What is Trepopnea?

dyspnea upon lying to one side or the other

6

PND is SUGGESTIVE (not diagnostic) of what?

LV dysfunction

7

What patients can have nocturia?

-diabetes
-pregnancy
-prostate problems
-sleep apnea patients

8

What OTCs can increase bleeding risk?

-Gingko Biloba
-Garlic
-Aspirin
-Green Tea/Vitamin E

9

Why do patients take on the 'tripod' position in SOB?

it provides stability to the pectorals to aid in inspiration

10

What is febrile defined as?

More than 100.4F

11

What happens to systolic BP during inspiration in normal people?

Decreases (less than 10mm Hg normally) due to an increase of right heart blood

12

Causes of pulsus paradoxus

-Cardiac tamponade
-Restrictive pericarditis
-Asthma attack
-Tension Pneumothorax

anything that does not allow the RV wall

13

T or F. In Pulsus paradoxus heart sounds are heard but no pulse is palpated

T.