Diagnostics (Ch. 20) Flashcards Preview

SHS 585 Artic & Phonology > Diagnostics (Ch. 20) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diagnostics (Ch. 20) Deck (15):
1

An independent analysis that relies on the presence or absence of phonemes in a selected sample of speech production

Phonetic Inventory

2

The degree to which a speaker's utterance(s) can be understood by a listener

Intelligibility

3

Listening strategies that include an awareness of sensitivity to speech sounds and the ability to manipulate the sound structures in words

Phonological Awareness

4

Phonological awareness can be assessed through what type of tasks?

Rhyming
Alliteration
Blending (combining sounds to form words)
Segmenting (dissecting words)

5

The process of selecting the most likely diagnostic label from a set of possible labels after considering the evidence collected during an assessment

Differential Diagnosis

6

What are the core components of a diagnostic assessment?

Child History
Standard Assessment
Dynamic Assessment
Connected Speech Sample
Structural-Functional Examination
Phonological Awareness Screening
Hearing Screening

7

How does a diagnostic assessment differ from other forms of assessment?

It includes many measures
It is used to determine whether or not a disorder is present

(Other assessments are used during treatment to assess progress and efficacy of therapy)

8

What is the difference between a standard assessment and a dynamic assessment?

Standard=exact; generates standard score; normative
Dynamic=adjusted based on responses & child's skill level; no normative score is generated

9

What is the primary benefit to collecting a connected speech sample?

Greater ecological validity
(collected in natural environment)

10

What are 3 types of intelligibility measures?

Percentage estimates from glossed conversations
Single-word naming tasks
Rating Scales

11

Why is it necessary to conduct a structural-functional exam, hearing screening and phonological screening when these assessments do not measure speech sound production?

Articulation and phonological disorders may be related to structural/functional deficits, hearing loss, or difficulties with phonological awareness, which can all affect production abilities.

12

What are some examples of Language assessments?

Preschool Language Scales 5 PLS-5
Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test 4 (PPVT-4)

13

What are some examples of speech assessments?

Hodson Assessment of Phonological Patterns (HAPP-3)
Glaspey Dynamic Assessment of Phonology (GDAP)

14

What do whole word measures provide that we can't get from standardized articulation testing?

1. Some children may seem intelligible, when they may be speaking with simple words. Others may seem to make more errors because they are using more complex words. Whole word measures provide this information.
2. Whole word measures tell us what the child CAN do.

15

What additional information can be obtained from a connected speech sample that other assessments do not provide?

Shows child's production at the word and sentence level.
Prosodic skills can be better observed and assessed.
Relationships between semantics and phonology can be obtained.
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