Flashcards in Diagnostics (Ch. 20) Deck (15):
An independent analysis that relies on the presence or absence of phonemes in a selected sample of speech production
The degree to which a speaker's utterance(s) can be understood by a listener
Listening strategies that include an awareness of sensitivity to speech sounds and the ability to manipulate the sound structures in words
Phonological awareness can be assessed through what type of tasks?
Blending (combining sounds to form words)
Segmenting (dissecting words)
The process of selecting the most likely diagnostic label from a set of possible labels after considering the evidence collected during an assessment
What are the core components of a diagnostic assessment?
Connected Speech Sample
Phonological Awareness Screening
How does a diagnostic assessment differ from other forms of assessment?
It includes many measures
It is used to determine whether or not a disorder is present
(Other assessments are used during treatment to assess progress and efficacy of therapy)
What is the difference between a standard assessment and a dynamic assessment?
Standard=exact; generates standard score; normative
Dynamic=adjusted based on responses & child's skill level; no normative score is generated
What is the primary benefit to collecting a connected speech sample?
Greater ecological validity
(collected in natural environment)
What are 3 types of intelligibility measures?
Percentage estimates from glossed conversations
Single-word naming tasks
Why is it necessary to conduct a structural-functional exam, hearing screening and phonological screening when these assessments do not measure speech sound production?
Articulation and phonological disorders may be related to structural/functional deficits, hearing loss, or difficulties with phonological awareness, which can all affect production abilities.
What are some examples of Language assessments?
Preschool Language Scales 5 PLS-5
Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test 4 (PPVT-4)
What are some examples of speech assessments?
Hodson Assessment of Phonological Patterns (HAPP-3)
Glaspey Dynamic Assessment of Phonology (GDAP)
What do whole word measures provide that we can't get from standardized articulation testing?
1. Some children may seem intelligible, when they may be speaking with simple words. Others may seem to make more errors because they are using more complex words. Whole word measures provide this information.
2. Whole word measures tell us what the child CAN do.