Transitions to First Words (Ch. 5) Flashcards Preview

SHS 585 Artic & Phonology > Transitions to First Words (Ch. 5) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Transitions to First Words (Ch. 5) Deck (31):
1

Syllables that contain a minimum of one consonant and a vowel and are produced with an adult-like timing

Canonical Syllables

2

Auditory and articulatory input that a child receives when vocalizing; as a baby vocalizes, he is able to both hear and feel the result of the movement, allowing him to associate a specific movement pattern with a specific acoustic signal

Feedback loop

3

Early stage of language development spanning the period from the child's acquisition of the first word through an expressive vocabulary of approx 50 words

First Words Period

4

Phonological process resulting in all consonants or vowels in a word being produced with similar articulatory features

Harmony

5

Words that have different meanings but are produced with the same phonetic form (may or may not be spelled the same)

Homophones

6

A relatively stable sound pattern used by a child in a consistent meaningful context that does not have an identifiable adult target form

Protoword

7

Variable production of a specific sound when it occurs in different words

Inter-word variability

8

Variable production of a single word

Intra-word variability

9

A child's preference for words based on their phonological properties

Lexical selection

10

List of all consonants, vowels, and syllable shapes produced by an individual child

Phonetic inventory

11

Consistent simplification patterns of target sounds often used by children

Phonological Processes

12

Information stored in an individual's mental lexicon regarding the sound structure of a word

Phonological Representation

13

Phonological process involving the exact or partial repetition of a syllable

Reduplication

14

Speech sounds that have a hissing-quality

Silibant Consonant

15

English silibant phonemes (4)

/s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/

16

Whole word articulatory pattern that a child may use for the production of multiple words

Template

17

Sound production patterns observed frequently in the babble of an individual child that often carry over into meaningful speech

Vocal Motor Schemes

18

A true word has a stable __________ referent together with a relatively stable _____________ form that in some way resembles the adult target word.

semantic; phonetic

19

Which consonant classes are most common in children's productions of early words?

Stops, nasals, glides

20

Which syllable shapes are most common in children's early word productions? q

Simple syllable structures, including CV, CVC, and CVCV.

21

What two things differentiate a true word from babble?

Relatively stable phonetic form

Semantic Referent

22

A baby's preferred ____________ ________________ used in babble may influence early words.

production pattern

23

Why is the word "relatively" included with "stable phonetic form" when defining a true word?

Children are quite variable in their production of early words, and intra-word variability occurs when they child is producing a word.

24

There are no major differences in terms of the phonetic characteristics of _________ ________ and ___________ ____________.

late babble;
early speech

25

There is no __________ period during the transition from babble to speech.

silent

26

A child's first word selection are often made up of ______________ and ______________ shapes they have been practicing during babble.

consonants; syllable

27

A child may avoid words that contain later developing sounds such as what? (2)

affricates, liquids

28

Why might the whole word be the minimal unit of phonological representation for young children?

Children use phonological "templates" along with intra- and inter-word variability, so a segment by segment basis does not provide adequate information.

29

On average, when do children begin to produce recognizable words?

First birthday

30

During what period does a child's vocabulary grow from zero to 50 words?

First Words Period
(1 year-18 months)

31

What is the vocabulary size on a child's 2nd birthday?

about 300 words