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Week 50: CKD > Dialysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dialysis Deck (7)
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1

CKD definition

Abnormality of structure or function, present for more than 3 months

2

ESRD definition

Need for dialysis or transplantation to sustain life
Not really based on GFR

3

2 main indications for chronic dialysis start

Metabolic abnormalities
Uremia

4

4 most important metabolic abnormalities that would be an indication to begin dialysis

Hyperkalemic (biggest one that kills patients)
Acidemia
Hyperphosphatemia
Severe anemia

5

3 treatment options for ESRD

Conservative
Dialysis
Transplant

6

Diffusive transport

Passive movement of solutes down a concentration gradient
Need a concentration gradient, small molecular weight solutes, and a membrane with appropriate charge and size
Responsible for clearance of most solutes

7

Convective transport

Active movement
Achieved by pressure gradient (do get some solute drag)
Water is pushed/pulled through the membrane