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Flashcards in Diarrhea Deck (11)
1

What are the two leading causes of death from infectious disease world wide?

Pneumonia
Diarrhea

2

What age groups are preferentially affected by infectious disease?

Young children and the elderly

3

What is the leading cause of morbidity and death with diarrhea?

Dehydration

4

What is the most reversible cause of morbidity and death with diarrhea?

Dehydration

5

What sites and pathogens are involved in non-inflammatory diarrhea?

Site: Small intestine
Pathogens: Norwalk, Rotavirus, Giardia, Cholera, ETEC

6

What sites and pathogens are involved in inflammatory diarrhea?

Site: Colon
Pathogens: C. jejuni, Shigella, Salmonella, E. coli 0157:H7, C. difficile, E. histolytica

7

What pathogens produce watery diarrhea?

Vibrio cholerae
Enterotoxigenic E. coli
Rotavirus
Norwalk virus
Guardia lamblia

8

What is the leading cause of acute bacterial diarrhea in the US?

Campylobacter Jejuni

9

What is the predominant cause of nosocomial diarrhea?

C. difficile

10

What are three organisms that cause inflammatory diarrhea?

Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella
Shigella

11

E coli O157:H7

Causes vast majority of hemorrhagic colitis in US
Illness lasts 2-4 days
Highest rates in young children and elderly
Symptoms may range from asymptomatic infection to hemolytic uremic syndrome and Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.